討論:雙黃花菫菜

山羊百科,林文智老師的植物、山岳、攝影紀錄

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4. Viola biflora L. 雙黃花堇菜

Perennial herb; rhizome erect to ascending, more or less stout; stem up to 22 cm, slender, ascending to erect. Leaves 0.8-2 cm long, 1.5-4 cm broad, reniform to broadly ovate, more or less deeply cordate at base, round to obtuse at apex, subcrenate to repand-dentate on the margin, glabrous beneath and hirsute above, subcoriaceous; petioles 0.5-5 cm long, slender; stipules 2-6 mm long, 1.5-3 mm broad, ovate to oblong, acute at apex, sparsely denticulate to almost entire, glabrous, free. Flowers 1-1.5 cm across, yellow with brownish-purple veins; peduncles 1-4 cm long, slender, exceeding leaves; sepals 5-6 mm long, 1-1.5 mm broad, linear to linear-oblong, acute at apex, glabrous or short ciliate on margin; appendages up to 0.5 mm long, round, glabrous; petals oblong to obovate, basal longest, rounded at apex, lateral ones beardless; spurs 1-1.5 mm long, equalling or slightly exceeding calycine appendages, cylindrical, obtuse. Styles 1.2-1.5 mm long, slightly geniculate at base, clavate distally, with two lateral lobes fused behind at apex, no stigmatic beak. Capsules 4-6 mm long, ellipsoid, glabrous. Seeds ovoid, ca. 2 mm long. Chromosome number n=6.

Circumboreal, widely distributed in the cooler regions and high mountains of the northern hemisphere.

ILAN: Nanhutashan, Wang 3573. TAICHUNG: Hsueshan, Huang 7255, Kano s. n. 1929 (Holotype of V. kanoi, TAIF!). NANTOU: Hohuanshan, Wang 5113.

キバナノコマノツメ
八方尾根にて その6
タカネスミレの仲間
赤石黄花の駒の爪
Flora of India: Botanical Servey of India
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