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Araceae Reference

  1. Boyce, P. C. and A. Hay 2001 A taxonomic revision of Araceae tribe Potheae (Pothos, Pothoidium and. Pedicellarum) for Malesia, Australia and the tropical Western Pacific Telopea 9(3): 449–571.
  2. Boyce, P. C. 2005 A New Species of Rhaphidophora Hassk. (Araceae-Monstereae) from Borneo Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 57 211-216
  3. Boyce, Peter C. and Sin Yeng Wong 2008 Studies on Homalomeneae (Araceae) of Borneo I. Four New Species and Preliminary Thoughts on Informal Species Groups in Sarawak Gardens' bulletin Singapore 60(1) 1-29
  4. Boyce, Peter C. and Sin Yeng Wong 2008 Studies on Schismatoglottideae (Araceae) of Borneo VII: Schottarum and Bakoa, two new genera from Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo Botanical Studies 49: 393-404
  5. Boyce, Peter C. and Sin Yeng Wong 2009 Schottariella mirifica P. C. Boyce & S. Y. Wong: a new name for Schottarum sarikeense (Araceae:Schismatoglottideae) Bot. Stud. 50 269-271
  6. Boyce, P. C. 2009 A review of Pothos L. (Araceae: Pothoideae: Pothoeae) for Thailand Thai. For. Bull. 37 15-26
  7. Boyce, Peter C., S. Y. Wong, A. P. J. Ting, S. E. Low, S. L. Low, K. K. Ng, l. H. Ooi, 2010 The Araceae of Borneo-The Genera AROIDEANA 33 3-73
  8. Croat, Thomas B. 1991 A Revision of Anthurium Section Pachyneurium (Araceae) Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78: 539-855
  9. Hay, A. and Rosemary Wise 1991 The Genus Alocasia (Araceae) in Australasia BLUMEA 35 499-545
  10. Hoe, Yin Chen, S. Y. Wong, Peter C. Boyce, M. H. Wong and M. K. Y. Chan 2011 Studies on Homalomeneae (Araceae) of Borneo VII: Homalomena debilicrista, a new species from Malaysian Borneo, and observations of its pollination mechanics Plant Div. Evol. 129: 77–87
  11. Hsu, Tsai-Wen, Nien-June Chung and Jenn-Che Wang 2000 Rhaphidophora hongkongensis Schott (Araceae), a New Addition to the Flora of Taiwan Taiwania 45(4) 323-327
  12. Huang, Tseng-Chieng, Jin-Long Hsiao and Hong-Yih Yeh 2000 Schismatoglottis kotoensis (Hayata) T. C. Huang, J. L. Hsiao & H. Y. Yeh (Araceae) Taiwania 45(4) 305-310
  13. Huang, Chi-Tung, Chang-Fu Hsieh and Chun-Neng Wang 2013 Remusatia yunnanensis (Araceae): a newly recorded species in Taiwan Taiwania 58 (1) :76-79
  14. Huang, Tseng-Chieng, Jin-Long Hsiao and Hong-Yih Yeh 2000 Schismatoglottis kotoensis (Hayata) T. C. Huang, J. L. Hsiao & H. Y. Yeh (Araceae) Taiwania 45(4) 305-310
  15. Saibeh, Kartini, Peter C. Boyce and Wong Sin Yeng 2015 Studies on Homalomeneae (Araceae) of Borneo XIX: Three new species of geologically obligated Homalomena from Sabah, Malaysian Borneo Willdenowia 45419-427
  16. Sulaiman, Baharuddin and Peter C. Boyce 2010 Studies on Homalomeneae (Araceae) of Borneo V: A New Species and New Supergroup Record, of Homalomena from Sabah, Malaysian Borneo Tropical Life Sciences Research 21(2): 85–90
  17. Wang, J. C. and K. C. Yang. 1996 The genus Typhonium (Araceae) in Taiwan. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 37:159-163

  1. 王伟,赵南先 2002 天南星科叶表皮研究 武汉植物学研究 20(5): 343-349
  2. 王伟,赵南先 2002 中国天南星科花粉形态的研究 植物分类学报 40(6):517-529
  3. 伊廷双、李恒、李德铢 2002 天南星科分类系统的沿革 武汉植物学研究 20(1): 48-61
  4. 蔡秀珍,龙春林,刘克明 2005 花叶芋天南星科)的花器官发生 云南植物研究 27(2) 193-203
  5. 杨雪,王红,龙春林 2003 国产芋属花粉形态 云南植物研究 25(5) 603-608

Amorphophallus Reference

  1. Hetterscheid, W. L. A. and C.-I Peng. 1995. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae) IV. Revision of the species of Taiwan. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 36: 101-112.
  2. Pan, C. , A. W. Gichira and J. M. Chen 2015 Genetic variation in wild populations of the tuber crop Amorphophallus konjac (Araceae) in central China as revealed by AFLP markers Genetics and Molecular Research 14 (4): 18753-18763
  3. Phornvillay, S., S. H. Ahmad, N. A. P. Abdullah, A. B. Rosenani, N. K. Yusof and N. A. M. Rashid 2015 Morphological Variations of Amorphophallus spp. Blume ex Decne. in Peninsular Malaysia Adv. Biores. 6(2): 128-135
  4. Sedayu, Agung, Marcel C. M. Eurling, Barbara Gravendeel and Wilbert L. A. Hetterschied 2010 Morphological character evolution of Amorphophallus (Araceae) based on a combined phylogenetic analysis of trnL, rbcL and LEAFY second intron sequences Botanical Studies 51: 473-490
  5. Sprana, Made Sri 2008 Penyerbukan Buatan pada Acung (Amorphophallus decus-silvae Back. & v.A.v.R.) BIODIVERSITAS 9(4) 292-295
  6. Yin, Jian-Tao, Luo Yong, Jian-Wu Li, Qiang Liu, Zi-Yun Huang and Wilbert Hetterscheied 2016 Amorphophallus bubenensis (Araceae), a new species from Yunnan, China Phytotaxa 270(2): 155–157

  1. 李川、王军、崔鸣 2011 魔芋属植物开花的研究进展 中国农学通报 27(10) 73-75
  2. 李恒、龙春林 1998 中国磨芋属的分类问题 云南植物研究 20(2) 167-170

Arisaema Reference

  1. Huang, Tseng-Chieng and Ming-Jou Wu 1997 Notes on the Flora of Taiwan (30)--Arisaema nanjenense T.-C. Huang & M.-J. Wu sp. nov. (Araceae) Taiwania 42(3) 165-173
  2. Wang, Jenn-Che 1992 A new record of Arisaema (Araceae) in Taiwan Taiwania 37(1) 54-57
  3. Wang, J. C. 1996. The systematic study of Taiwanese Arisaema (Araceae). Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 37:61-87.

  1. 王伟、赵南先、胡晓颖 2002 天南星属植物的花粉形态 云南植物研究 24(4) 497-507


Web Link

  1. Department of Botany & the U.S. National Herbarium 2017 The Plant Press vol 20 (2) Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
  2. International Association for Vegetation Science 2009 Vegetation Processes and Human Impact in a Changing World 52nd INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM
  3. 17th International Workshop European Vegetation Survey 2008 Using phytosociological data to address ecological questions Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
  4. Gilly, Charles Louis 1950 Phylogenetic development of the inflorescence and generic relationships in the Kobresiaceae Retrospective Theses and Dissertations 13679.

Books and Journals


  1. Arora, R. K. 2014 Diversity in underutilized plant species - an Asia-Pacific perspective Bioversity International
  2. Azan, Shakira Stephanie Elaine 2011Invasive aquatic plants and the aquarium and ornamental pond industries Theses and dissertations Ryerson University P. 818
  3. Beech, E., M. Rivers, S. Oldfield and P. P. Smith 2017 GlobalTreeSearch: The first complete global database of tree species and country distributions Journal of Sustainable Forestry 36: 5 454-489
  4. Chen, Xin, Hai He and Li-Bing Zhang 2015 A monograph of the Anisophylleaceae (Cucurbitales) with description of 18 new species of Anisophyllea Phytotaxa 229 (1):1-189
  5. Chiou, Chyi-Rong, Guo-Zhang Michael Song, Jui-Han Chien, Chang-Fu Hsieh, Jenn Che Wang, Ming-Yih Chen, Ho-Yih Liu, Ching-Long Yeh, Yue-Joe Hsia, and Tze-Ying Chen 2010 Altitudinal distribution patterns of plant species in Taiwan are mainly determined by the northeast monsoon rather than the heat retention mechanism of Massenerhebung Botanical Studies 51: 89-97
  6. Cornelissen, Johannes H. C., Yao-Bin Song, Fei-Hai, Yu Ming Dong 2014 Plant traits and ecosystem effects of clonality: a new research agenda Annals of Botany 114: 369–376
  7. Dai Chang-Feng et. 2008 The Research of Natural Resources of the Three Northern Islets Taiwanese Coral Feef Society Marine National Park
  8. Duke, Norman C., Jock Mackenzie, Apanie Wood 2012 A revision of mangrove plants of the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Samoa Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research
  9. Eckert, Christopher G. 1999 Clonal plant research: proliferation, integration, but not much evolution Am. J. Bot. 86(11) 1649-1654
  10. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1994 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume one, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-52-5
  11. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1996 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Two, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  12. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1993 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Three, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  13. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1998 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Four, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  14. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 2000 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Five, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  15. Endress, Peter K. 2010 The evolution of floral biology in basal angiosperms Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 365(1539): 411–421
  16. Giesen, Wim Stephan Wulffraat, Max Zieren and Liesbeth Scholten 2006 Mangrove Guidebook for Southeast Asia FAO and Wetlands International ISBN: 974-7946-85-8
  17. Goldberg, Aaron 1986 Classification, Evolution, and Phylogeny of the Families of Dicotyledons Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 58: 1–314
  18. Goldberg, Emma E., Sarah P. Otto, Jana C. Vamosi, Itay Mayrose, Niv Sabath, Ray Ming, and Tia-Lynn Ashman 2017 Macroevolutionary synthesis of flowering plant sexual systems Evolution 71 (4): 898–912
  19. Gradstein, S. Robbert, Jürgen Homeier and Dirk Gansert 2008 The Tropical Mountain Forest Patterns and Processes in a Biodiversity Hotspot Biodiversity and Ecology Series 2
  20. Grande, J. R., J. Kallunki, M. M. Arbo, P. E. Berry, O. Huber and R. Riina 2012 Botanical novelties from Sierra de Maigualida, southern Venezuela II. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 69(1): 7-19
  21. Herben, Tomáš, Zuzana Nováková, Jitka Klimešová 2014 Clonal growth and plant species abundance Annals of Botany 114: 377–388
  22. Hsieh, Chang-Fu 1989 Structure and Floristic Composition of the Beech Forest in Taiwan Taiwania 34(1) 28-44
  23. Kaufmann, Eva 2003 Southeast Asian Ant-Gardens- Diversity, ecology, ecosystematic significance, and evolution of mutualistic ant-epiphyte associations - Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
  24. Keng, Hsuan 1973 Nomenclatural Notes on Wu P'I Ch'a or the Black-barked Tea Plant Taiwania 18(1) 55-56
  25. Kitamura 1941 An Enureration of Compositae of Formosa Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica 10(1) 15-33
  26. Klimešová, Jitka, Jiří Doležal and Marek Sammul 2011 Evolutionary and organismic constraints on the relationship between spacer length and environmental conditions in clonal plants Oikos 120: 1110–1120
  27. Kron, Kathleen A. 1996 Phylogenetic Relationships of Empetraceae, Epacridaceae, Ericaceae, Monotropaceae, and Pyrolaceae: Evidence from Nuclear Ribosomal 18s Sequence Data Ann. Bot. 77(4): 293-303
  28. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng, Gow-Ing Liao and Ming-Yih Chen 1999 Two New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 44(4) 514-519
  29. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng and Chih-Hui Chen 2000 New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 45(4) 328-333
  30. Liu, Y. C. and C. H. Ou 1974 New additions to the flora of Taiwan. Quarterly journal of Chinese forestry 7(4): 150-151.
  31. Löve, Áskell and Ebba Kjellqvist 1974 Cytotaxonomy of Spanish plants. III Dicotyledons: Salicaceae-Rosaceae Lagascalia 4(1): 3-32


  1. Ma, Jin-Shuang 2010 Nomenclatural notes on alien vascular plants in north american originated from east asia Acta Botanica Yunnanica 32(1): 14-24
  2. Nandi, Owi I., Mark W. Chase and Peter K. Endress 1998 A Combined Cladistic Analysis of Angiosperms Using rbcL and Non-Molecular Data Sets Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 85 (1) 137-214
  3. Newman, Mark,Sounthone Ketphanh, Bouakhaykhone Svengsuksa, Philip Thomas, Khamphone Sengdala, Vichith Lamxay, Kate Armstrong 2007 A Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Lao PDR Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh ISBN 978-1-906129-04-0
  4. Ohashi, Hiroyoshi 2009 Bunzo Hayata and His Contributions to the Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 54(1) 1-27
  5. Peng, Ching-I 1978 Some new records for the Flora of Taiwan Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 19(1) 83-86
  6. Peng Ching-I, Shiou-Fen Yen and Ji-Yui Guo 1986 Notes on the Chromosome Cytology of Some Rare, Threatened, or Endangered Plants of Taiwan (I) Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 27(2): 219-235
  7. Qiu, Yin-Long, Olena Dombrovska, Jungho Lee, Libo Li, Barbara A. Whitlock, Fabiana Bernasconi-Quadroni, Joshua S. Rest, et al. 2005. Phylogenetic analyses of basal angiosperms based on nine plastid, mitochondrial, and nuclear genes. International Journal of Plant Sciences 166(5): 815-842.
  8. Rashid, M Enamur and Mohammad Atiqur Rahman 2011 Updated nomenclature and taxonomic status of the plants of Bangladesh included in Hook. f., the Flora of British India: Volume-I Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 18(2) 177-197
  9. Severinghaus, Sheldon and Charles E. DeVol 1974 Note on the distribution of Taiwan Beech Taiwania 19(2) 235-237
  10. Shaheen, Hamayun, Shujaul Mulk Khan, David M. Harper, Zahid Ullah, and Rizwana Allem Qureshi 2011 Species Diversity, Community Structure, and Distribution Patterns in Western Himalayan Alpine Pastures of Kashmir, Pakistan Mountain Research and Development 31(2):153-159
  11. Shi, Suhua,Yaqing Du,D. E. Boufford, Xun Gong, Yelin Huang, Hanghang He & Yang Zhong 2003 Phylogenetic position of Schnabelia, a genus endemic to China: Evidence from sequences of cpDNA matK gene and nrDNA ITS regions Chinese Science Bulletin 48(15) 1576-1580
  12. Shisode, S. B. and D. A. Patil 2011 Taxonomic and phylogenetic census of the Celastrales: A synthetic review Curr. Bot. 2(4): 36-43
  13. Sosnová, Monika, Rudyvan Diggelen, Jitka Klimešová 2010 Distribution of clonal growth forms in wetlands Aquatic Botany 92(1) 33-39
  14. Starr, Forest, Kim Starr, and Lloyd L. Loope 2010 New plant records from the Hawaiian Archipelago Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 107:61-68
  15. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van 1962 The land-bridge theory in botany with particular reference to tropical plants Blumea 11 (2) 235-372
  16. Steinmanna, K., H. P. Linder, N. E. Zimmermanna 2009 Modelling plant species richness using functional groups Ecological Modelling 220 962-967
  17. Su, Horng-Jye 2000 Contribution to a revised orchid flora of Taiwan (IV). Taiwania 45(3) 239-248
  18. Tamura, Minoru N., Shingchi Chen and Nicholas J. Turland 2000 A New Combination in Heteropolygonatum (Convallariaceae, Polygonateae) NOVON 10(2): 156-157
  19. Thaman, R. R. and Malosi Samuelu 2016 Vascular Plants, vegetation and ethnobotany of Banaba (Ocean island), Republic of Kiribati Atoll Research Bulletin No. 609
  20. Turner, I. M., Y. W. Low, M. Rodda, K. M. Wong and D. J. Middleton 2018 The plant taxa of H. N. Ridley, 5. The Gentianales Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 70 (2): 307–395
  21. Van der Vossen, H. A. M. and M. Wessel 2000 Plant Resources of South-East Asia Stimulants 16 ISBN 90-5782-053-6
  22. Von Lampe, Maud, Gerd Jünger and Ssabine Tischew 2002 Morphological features of herbaceous perennials causing abundance in lignite mining areas
  23. Wu, S.-H., C.-H. Hsieh and M. Rejmánek. 2004b. Catalogue of the naturalized flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 49: 16-31.
  24. Wu, Shan-Huah, T. Y. Aleck Yang, Yung-Ching Teng, Chih-Yuan Chang, Kuoh-Cheng Yang and Chang-Fu Hsieh 2010 Insights of the Latest Naturalized Flora of Taiwan : Change in the Past Eight Years Taiwania 55(2): 139-159
  25. Yamashita, Jun and Minoru N. Tamura 2001 Karyotype analysis of two species of the Chinese epiphytic genus Heteropolygonatum (Convallariaceae-Polygonateae) Acta Phytotax Geobot. 51 (2): 147-153
  26. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu and S.-Y. Lu. 1997. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 2: 352. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  27. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu, S.-Y. Lu and B.-L. Shih. 1998. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 3: 392. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  28. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu, S.-Y. Lu and B.-L. Shih. 1999. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 4: 432. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  29. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu and T.-P. Lin. 2001. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 5: 457. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  30. Yang, Yuen-Po and Ho-Yih Liu 2002 Nomenclature Changes for Some Dicots of Taiwan Taiwania 47(2) 175-178
  31. Yang, Yuen-Po, Chun-kuei Liao, Mo-shih Tang, Chih-Kai Yang, Chiou-Yu Yeh 2009 Family and genus flora of Taiwan seed plants. Forestry Bureau, The Council of Agriculture, The Executive Yuan, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China ISBN 978-986-02-2316-3
  32. Yong, Jean W H, Chiou-Rong Sheue 2014 A Comparative Guide to the Asian Mangroves