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Family Reference

  1. Ardi, W. H. & D.C. Thomas 2015 Studies on Begonia (Begoniaceae) of the Moluccas II: a new species from Seram, Indonesia Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 67(2): 297–303
  2. Doorenbos, J., M. S. M. Sosef, J. J. F. E. de Wilde 1998 The sections of Begonia including descriptions, keys and species lists (Studies in Begoniaceae VI). Wageningen Agriculture Univ.
  3. Hoover, W. Scott, Carrie Karegeannes, Harry Wiriadinata and James M. Hunter 2004 Notes on the geography of South-East Asian Begonia and species diversity in montane forests Telopea 10 (3): 749-764
  4. Hughes, Mark and Deden Girmansyah 2011 A revision of Begonia sect. Sphenanthera (Hassk.) Warb. (Begoniaceae) from Sumatra Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 62 (2): 239–251
  5. Hughes, Mark and Wayne Takeuchi 2015 A new section (Begonia sect. Oligandrae sect. nov.) and a new species (Begonia pentandra sp. nov.) in Begoniaceae from New Guinea Phytotaxa 197 (1) 037–044
  6. Hughes, Mark, Rosario Rivera Rubite, Patrick Blanc, Kuo-Fang Chung and Ching-I Peng 2015 The Miocene to Pleistocene colonization of the Philippine archipelago by Begonia sect. Baryandra (Begoniaceae) Am. J. Bot. 102 (5) 695–706
  7. Lai, Ming-Jou 1979 Critical studies of some Begonia from Taiwan. Taiwania 24:35-37
  8. Liu, Yeh-Ching and Chern-hsiung Ou 1982 Contributtons to the dicotyledonous plants of Taiwan (VII) Bullitin Exper. for NCHU 4 1-16
  9. Peng, C.-I, Y.K. Chen and H.F. Yen. 1988. Begonia ravenii (Begoniaceae), a new species from Taiwan Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 29: 217-222
  10. Nakamura, Koh, , Yi-Fu Wang, Meng-Jung Ho, Kuo-Fang Chung and Ching-I Peng 2015 New Distribution Record of Begonia grandis (Begoniaceae, section Diploclinium) from Taiwan, with subspecies assignment based on morphology and molecular phylogeny Taiwania 60 (1) 49-53
  11. Peng, Chen-I and Yung-Kuan Chen 1990 Begonia austrotaiwanensis (Begoniaceae), a new species from southern Taiwan J. Arnold Arbor 71:567-574
  12. Peng, C.-I and Y.-K. Chen. 1991. Hybridity and parentage of Begonia buimontana Yamamoto (Begoniaceae) from Taiwan Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78: 995-1001.
  13. Peng, Ching-I and Yung-Kuan Chen 1991 Hybridity and Parentage of Begonia buimontana Yamamoto (Begoniaceae) from Taiwan Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 78:995-1001
  14. Peng, C.-I and C.-Y. Sue. 2000. Begonia × taipeiensis (Begoniaceae), a new natural hybrid in Taiwan Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 41:151-158
  15. Peng, Ching-I, Yung-Kuang Chen, and Wai-Chao Leong 2005 Five new species of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from Taiwan Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 46:255-272
  16. Peng, Ching-I and Shin-Ming Ku 2009 Begonia × chungii (Begoniaceae), a new natural hybrid in Taiwan Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 50: 241-250
  17. Rubite, Rosario Rivera, John Rey Callado, Yoshiko Kono and Hsun-An Yang 2014. Begonia chingipengii (sect. Baryandra, Begoniaceae), A New Species from Luzon Island, Philippines. Phytotaxa. 164 (3): 175–182.
  18. Siregar, Hartutiningsih-M. 2017 The conservation of native, lowland Indonesian Begonia species (Begoniaceae) in Bogor Botanic Gardens BIODIVERSITAS 18 (1) 326-333
  19. Shui, Yu-Min, Ching-I Peng, and Cheng-Yih Wu 2002 Synopsis of the Chinese species of Begonia (Begoniaceae), with a reappraisal of sectional delimitation Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 43 313-327
  20. Tebbit, Mark C. 2005 A new species of Fleshy-fruited Begonia (Begoniaceae) from Sumatra Blumea 50 153–156
  21. Thomas, D. C., W. H. Ardi and M. Hughes 2009 Two new species of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from Central Sulawesi, Indonesia Edinburgh Journal of Botany 66 (1) 103-114
  22. Thomas, Daniel Caspar 2010 Phylogenetics and historical biogeography of Southeast Asian Begonia L. (Begoniaceae) University of Glasgow Ph. D.
  23. Thomas, D. C., W. H. Ardi and M. Hughes 2011 Nine new species of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from South and West Sulawesi, Indonesia Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68 (2) 225-255
  24. Undaharta, N. K. E. & W. H. Ardi 2016 Studies on Begonia (Begoniaceae) of the Moluccas III: A new Begonia from Seram, Indonesia Bulletin Singapore 68 (2) 279–285
  25. Wiriadinata, Harry 2013 A new species of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Reinwardtia 13 (5) 445− 448
  26. Ye, Hua-Gu, Fa-Guo Wang, Yu-Shi Ye and Ching-I Peng 2004 Begonia coptidifolia (Begoniaceae), a new species from China Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 45: 259—266

  1. 向建英、管开云、杨俊波 2002 应用 ITS 区序列对秋海棠属无翅组分类学问题的探讨 云南植物研究 22(4) 455-462
  2. 税玉民,陈文红 2005 世界秋海棠属侧膜组植物新资料 云南植物研究 27(4) 355-374


Web Link

Books and Journals


  1. Chen, Shih-Huei and Ming-Jou Wu 2001 Notes on two newly naturalized plant in Taiwan Taiwania 46(1) 85-92
  2. Chen, S.-H. and M.-J. Wu. 2005. Notes on three newly naturalized plants in Taiwan. Taiwania 50: 29-39.
  3. Chen, S.-H. and M.-J. Wu. 2007. Notes on four newly naturalized plants in Taiwan. Taiwania 52: 59-69.
  4. Chen, S.-H., S.-H. Weng and M.-J. Wu. 2008. The Umbrella Sedge in Taiwan. Taiwania 53: 311-315.
  5. Chiou, Chyi-Rong, Guo-Zhang Michael Song, Jui-Han Chien, Chang-Fu Hsieh, Jenn Che Wang, Ming-Yih Chen, Ho-Yih Liu, Ching-Long Yeh, Yue-Joe Hsia, and Tze-Ying Chen 2010 Altitudinal distribution patterns of plant species in Taiwan are mainly determined by the northeast monsoon rather than the heat retention mechanism of Massenerhebung Botanical Studies 51: 89-97


  1. Dai Chang-Feng et. 2008 The Research of Natural Resources of the Three Northern Islets Taiwanese Coral Feef Society Marine National Park
  2. Duke, Norman C., Jock Mackenzie, Apanie Wood 2012 A revision of mangrove plants of the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Samoa Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research
  3. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1994 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume one, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-52-5
  4. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1996 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Two, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  5. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1993 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Three, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  6. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1998 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Four, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  7. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 2000 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Five, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  8. Endress, Peter K. 2010 The evolution of floral biology in basal angiosperms Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 365(1539): 411–421
  9. Feng, Bao Min, Yue Hu Pei, Hui Ming Hua 2002 A New Chromone Derivative from Stellera chamaejasme L. Chinese Chemical Letters 13(8) 738-739
  10. Freitag, Helmut& Maria Lomonosova 2006 Typification and identity of Suaeda crassifolia, S. prostrata and S. salsa, three often confused species of Suaeda sect. Brezia (Chenopodiaceae, Suaedoideae) Willdenowia 36 21-36
  11. Fritz, Elisabeth, Silvester M. Ölzant, Reinhard LÄNGER 2008 Illicium verum Hook. f. and Illicium anisatum L.: Anatomical Characters and their Value for Differentiation Sci. Pharm. 76: 65–76
  12. Funakoshi, Hidenobu and Hiroyoshi Ohashi, 2000, Vanoverberghia sasakiana H. Funak. & H. Ohashi (Zingiberaceae), a New Species and a New Generic Record for the Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania45(3):270-275
  13. Funamoto, Tsuneo, Chunlei Xiang and Hua Peng 2009 Chromosome characters of two varieties of Ellisiophyllum pinnatum (Scrophulariaceae) Chromosome Botany 4:79-82
  14. Funk, Vicki A., Alfonso Susanna, Tod F. Steussy and Harold Robinson 2009. Classification of Compositae In: Funk, Vicki A., Susana, A., Stuessy, T. F. and Bayer, Randall J., Systematics, Evolution, and Biogeography of Compositae. Vienna, Austria: International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT), pp.171-189.
  15. Gao, L. M., M. Möller, X. -M. Zhang, M. L. Hollingsworth, J. Liu, R. R. Mill, M. Gibby, D. Z. Li 2007 High variation and strong phylogeographic pattern among cpDNA haplotypes in Taxus wallichiana (Taxaceae) in China and North Vietnam Molecular Ecology 16(22) 4684-4698
  16. Gao, Xue-Mei, Yong-Mei Xia, Qing-Jun Li 2006 Isolation of two putative homologues of PISTILLATA and AGAMOUS from Alpinia oblongifolia (Zingiberaceae) and characterization of their expression Plant Science 170(3): 674-684
  17. Gielly, Ludovia, Yong-Ming Yuan, Philippe Küpfer, Pierre Taberlet 1996 Phylogenetic Use of Noncoding Regions in the Genus Gentiana L.: Chloroplast trnL (UAA) Intron versus Nuclear Ribosomal Internal Transcribed Spacer Sequences Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 5(3):460-466
  18. Goldblatt, Peter and David J. Mabberley 2005 Belamcanda Included in Iris, and the New Combination I. domestica (Iridaceae: Irideae) Novon 15(1) :128-132
  19. Govaerts, Rafaël 2016 Nomenclatural notes in Asian Zingiberaceae Taiwania 61(3): 269‒270
  20. Grimma, Guido W., Thomas Denkb and Vera Hemlebenc 2007 Coding of intraspecific nucleotide polymorphisms: A tool to resolve reticulate evolutionary relationships in the ITS of beech trees (Fagus L., Fagaceae) Systematics and Biodiversity 5(3): 291-309
  21. Guo, Shi-Quan, Min Xiong, Chun-Feng Ji, Zhi-Rong Zhang, De-Zhu Li, Zhi-Yong Zhang 2011 Molecular phylogenetic reconstruction of Osmanthus Lour. (Oleaceae) and related genera based on three chloroplast intergenic spacers Plant Syst Evol 294: 57–64


  1. Häkkinen, M., Hong Wang & Xue-Jun Ge 2008. Musa itinerans (Musaceae) and its intraspecifc taxa in China. Novon 18(1): 50–60
  2. Häkkinen, Markku, Ching-long Yeh and Xue-jun Ge 2010 A New Combination and a new variety of Musa itinerans (Musaceae) Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 61 (1): 41–48
  3. Ham, Raymond Van Der, Ylva-Maria Zimmermann, Siwert Nilsson & Anton Igersheim 2001 Pollen morphology and phylogeny of the Alyxieae (Apocynaceae) Grana 40:4-5 169-191
  4. Hao, Da Cheng, Pei Gen Xiao, BeiLi Huang, Guang Bo Ge, Ling Yang 2008 Interspecific relationships and origins of Taxaceae and Cephalotaxaceae revealed by partitioned Bayesian analyses of chloroplast and nuclear DNA sequences Plant Syst Evol 276:89–104
  5. Hetterscheid, W. L. A. and C.-I Peng. 1995. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae) IV. Revision of the species of Taiwan. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 36: 101-112.
  6. Hong, De-Yuan, Kai-Yu Pan 1998 The restoration of the genus Cyclocodon (Campanulaceae) and its evidence from pollen and seed-coat Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 36(2) 106-110
  7. Howarth, Dianella G., Mats H. G. Gustafsson, David A. Baum and Timothy J. Motley 2003 Phylogenetics of the genus Scaevola (Goodeniaceae): implication for dispersal patterns across the Pacific Basin and colonization of the Hawaiian Islands American Journal of Botany 90(6):915-923
  8. Hsiao, Shu-Chuan, Wei-Ting Huang, and Maw-Sun Lin 2010 Genetic diversity of Balanophora fungosa and its conservation in Taiwan Bot. Stud. 51:217-222
  9. Hsieh, Chang-Fu and Tseng-Chieng Huang 1974 The Acanthaceous Plants of Taiwan Taiwania 19(1) 19-57
  10. Hsieh, Chang-Fu, Tsung-Hsin Hsieh, I-Ling Lai 1995 Epirixanthes elongata Bl.-- a New Record to the Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 40(4) 381-384
  11. Hsieh, Szu-I, Chi-Te Lee, Jin-Hua Wu, Huan-Yu Lin and Ching-Long Yeh 2012 A newly naturalized species in Taiwan: Phytolacca icosandra L. (Phytolaccaceae) Taiwania 57 (4):396-398
  12. Hsieh, Tsung-Hsin and Tseng-Chieng Huang 1998 Notes on the Flora of Taiwan (33)-Revision on the genus Clinopodium L. in Taiwan Taiwania 43:108-115
  13. Hsieh, Tsung-Hsin and Hiroyoshi Ohashi 2000 A New Record of Burmannia championii Thwaites (Burmanniaceae) in Taiwan. Taiwania 45(4) 346-351
  14. Hsieh, T. H. and K. C. Yang. 2002. Revision of Torenia L. (Scrophulariaceae) in Taiwan. Taiwania 47(4). 281-289
  15. Hsieh, Tsung-Hsin, Chih-Sheng Wu and Kuoh-Cheng Yang 2003 Revision of Sciaphila (Triuridaceae) in Taiwan. Taiwania 48(4): 239-247
  16. Hsieh, Tsung-Hsin 2005. Rorippa sylvestris (L.) Bess., a newly naturalized mustard species in Taiwan Taiwania, 50(4): 297-301
  17. Hsu, Chien-Chang 1973 Some Noteworthy Plants Found in Taiwan Taiwania 18(1) 62-72
  18. Hsu, Kuang-Ming and Chiu-Mei Wang 2012 Dioscorea sansibarensis Pax (Dioscoreaceae), a newly naturalized plant in Taiwan. Collection and Research 25:25-29
  19. Hsu, Tian-Chuan, Jia-Jung Lin and Shih-Wen Chung 2009 Two Newly Discovered Plants in Taiwan. Taiwania 54(4): 403-407
  20. Hsu, Tian-Chuan, Shih-Wen Chung and Yuen-Chun Cheng 2011 Chrysosplenium japonicum (Saxifragaceae), Newly Recorded from Taiwan Taiwania 56(4) 337-340
  21. Hsu, Tsai-Wen, Nien-June Chung and Jenn-Che Wang 2000 Rhaphidophora hongkongensis Schott (Araceae), a New Addition to the Flora of Taiwan Taiwania 45(4) 323-327
  22. Hsu,Tsai-Wen, Tzen-Yuh Chiang and Ching-I Peng 2005. Lepidium bonariense L. (Brassicaceae) Newly Naturalized to Taiwan ESRI 7(1)︰89-94
  23. Hsu, Tsai-Wen , Yoshiko Kono, Tzen-Yuh Chiang, and Ching-I Peng, 2011 Ypsilandra (Melanthiaceae; Liliaceae sensu lato), a new generic record for Taiwan Bot. Stud. 52: 99-104.
  24. Hsu, Tsai-Wen, Tzen-Yuh Chiang and Ching-I Peng 2011 Lobelia cliffortiana L. (Campanulaceae) a Newly Naturalized Plant in Taiwan TW J. of Biodivers. 13(1): 93-96
  25. Hsu, Tsai-Wen, Tzen-Yuh Chiang and Ching-I Peng 2011 Heterosmilax septemnervia F. T. Wang & Tang (Smilacaceae) a Newly Recorded Plant to Taiwan. TW J. of Biodivers. 13(2) 179-182
  26. Hsu, Tsai-Wen, Yu-Chung Chiang, Ho-Yih Liu, Tzen-Yuh Chiang 2012 Soapberries belonging to the genus Cardiospermum L. (Sapindaceae) from Taiwan TW J. of Biodivers. 14(1-2): 81-88


  1. Huang, Chi-Tung, Chang-Fu Hsieh and Chun-Neng Wang 2013 Remusatia yunnanensis (Araceae): a newly recorded species in Taiwan Taiwania 58 (1) :76-79
  2. Huang, Chun-Lin 2005 Urochloa glumaris (Trin.) Veldkamp (Gramineae), a Neglected Species in the Flora of Taiwan Collection and Research 18: 33-36
  3. Huang S. F. 1985 Polycarpaea corymbosa (L.) Lam. (Caryophyllaceae): a newly found plant in Taiwan. Taiwania 30: 1-4.
  4. Huang S. F. and T. C. Huang. 1993 Notes on the Flora of Taiwan (16) The Phytolacca L. (Phytolaccaceae) Taiwania 38: 22-25.
  5. Huang S. F. and T. C. Huang. 1993 Notes on the Flora of Taiwan (15) The Veronica L. (Scrophulariaceae) Taiwania 38: 5-18.
  6. Huang S. F. and T.C. Huang. 1995 Notes on the Flora of Taiwan (21) The Genus Asarum L.(Aristolochiaceae) Taiwania 40(2): 91-120.
  7. Huang, Shing-Fan, Tsung-Hsin Hsieh, Tseng-Chieng Huang 1995 Notes on the genus Arabis L. (Brassicaceae) in Taiwan. Taiwania 40(4): 385-390
  8. Huang, Sophie S. F., Shih-Ying Hwang, Tsan-Piao Lin 2002 Spatial pattern of chloroplast DNA variation of Cyclobalanopsis glauca in Taiwan and East Asia Molecular Ecology 11(11), 2349-2358
  9. Huang, Tseng-Chieng 1989 Palynological Study of the Apocynaceae of Taiwan Grana 28:2, 85-95
  10. Huang, Tseng-Chieng, Shing-Fan Huang, Kuoh-Cheng Yanf 1989 Notes on the Flora of Taiwan (3)--- The miscellaneous plants Taiwania 34(1) 45-53
  11. Huang, Tseng-Chieng and Ming-Jou Wu 1992 Notes on the flora of Taiwan (13) —A new indigo from Taiwan. Taiwania 37(2) 79-84
  12. Huang, Tseng-Chieng 1992 Notes on the flora of Taiwan (14)—Two new names Taiwania 37(2) 134-135
  13. Huang, Tseng-Chieng 1996 Notes on the flora of Taiwan(25)—The genus Scaevola L. (Goodeniaceae) Taiwania 41(3) 252-258
  14. Huang, Tseng-Chieng and Ming-Jou Wu 1997 Notes on the Flora of Taiwan (30)--Arisaema nanjenense T.-C. Huang & M.-J. Wu sp. nov. (Araceae) Taiwania 42(3) 165-173
  15. Huang, Tseng-Chieng and Arthur Hsiao 1998 Notes on the Flora of Taiwan (31) — Shortia (Diapensiaceae) Taiwania 43:33-37
  16. Huang, Tseng-Chieng, Jin-Long Hsiao and Hong-Yih Yeh 2000 Schismatoglottis kotoensis (Hayata) T. C. Huang, J. L. Hsiao & H. Y. Yeh (Araceae) Taiwania 45(4) 305-310
  17. Huang, Ya-Lun, Shiang-Jiuun Chen and Wen-Yuan Kao 2012 Floral biology of Bidens pilosa var. radiata, an invasive plant in Taiwan Bot. Stud. 53: 501-507
  18. Hukusima, Tukasa, Sheng-You Lu, Tetsuya Matsui, Takayoshi Nishio, Chiung-Lien Liu and Sandro Pignatti 2005 Phytosociology of Fagus hayatae forests in Taiwan Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei 16(3) 171-189
  19. Hwang, Shih-Ying, Tsan-Piao Lin, Chiu-Shun Ma, Chung-Ling Lin, Jeng-Der Chung, Jenq-Chuan Yang 2003 Postglacial population growth of Cunninghamia konishii (Cupressaceae) inferred from phylogeographical and mismatch analysis of chloroplast DNA variation Molecular Ecology 12(10) 2689-2695


  1. Jordaan, Marie and A. E. van Wyk 2003 Reinstatement of Gymnosporia (Celastraceae): implications for the Flora Malesiana region Telopea 10(1): 155-167
  2. Jung, Ming-Jer, Gwo-Ing Liao, and Chang-Sheng Kuoh 2005 Phryma leptostachya (Phrymaceae), a new family record in Taiwan Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 46 239-244
  3. Jung, M.-J., S.-Z. Yang and C.-S. Kuoh. 2005. Notes on two newly naturalized plants in Taiwan. Taiwania 50: 191-199.
  4. Jung, M.-J., T.-S. Wu and C.-S. Kuoh. 2006. Notes on newly recorded grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 51(1): 25-31.
  5. Jung, M.-J., G.-I. Liao and C.-S. Kuoh. 2006. Notes on alien Bromus grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 51: 131-138.
  6. Jung, M.-J., R.-J. Soreng and C.-S. Kuoh. 2006. Notes on grasses (Poaceae) for the Flora of Taiwan (II). Taiwania 51: 240-248.
  7. Jung, Ming-Jer, Gwo-Ing Liao and Chang-Sheng Kuoh 2006. Notes on Four Alien Plants in Taiwan Taiwania, 51(4): 308-316
  8. Jung, M.-J., J. F. Veldkamp and C.-S. Kuoh. 2008. Notes on Eragrostis Wolf (Poaceae) for the flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 53: 96-102.
  9. Jung, M.-J., C.-W. Chen, S.-W. Chung and C.-S. Kuoh. 2009. Supplements to the grasses (Poaceae) in Taiwan (I). Taiwania 54: 69-75.
  10. Jung, Ming-Jer, Chien-Wen Chen, Shih-Wen Chung 2009 Chloris divaricata (Poaceae) and Its Variety C. divaricata cynodontoides in Taiwan. Taiwan J For Sci 24(3) 205-211
  11. Jung, Ming-Jer, Chien-Wen Chen and Shih-Wen Chung 2010 Two Newly Naturalized Plants in Taiwan. Taiwania 55(4): 412-416
  12. Jung, Ming-Jer and Chien-Wen Chen 2013 Elymus L. (Poaceae) in Taiwan and Related Species in Neighbor Areas Taiwania 58 (1) :53-60
  13. Jung, Ming-Jer and Yui-Ching Kao 2013 Three new-naturalized plants in Taiwan Taiwania 58 (1) :61-66


  1. Kang, Soon Suk & Myong Gi Chung 1997 Spatial genetic structure in populations of Chimaphila japonica and Pyrola japonica (Pyrolaceae) Ann. Bot. Fennici 34(1): 15-20.
  2. Kao, Mue-Tsuen, Charles E. DeVol 1970 The Primulaceae of Taiwan Taiwania 15(1) 51-72
  3. Kato, Sumie, Takayoshi Koike, Thomas T. Lei, Chang-Fu Hsieh, Kunihiko Ueda and Tetsuo Mikami 2000 Analysis of mitochondrial DNA of an endangered beech species, Fagus hayatae Palibin ex Hayata New Forests 19(1): 109–114
  4. Kawakita, Atsushi, and Makoto Kato 2002 Floral biology and unique pollination system of root holoparasites, Balanophora kuroiwai and B. tobiracola (Balanophoraceae) American Journal of Botany 89(7): 1164-1170
  5. Kellermann, Jürgen, and Frank Udovicic 2007 Large indels obscure phylogeny in analysis of chloroplast DNA (trnL-F) sequence data: Pomaderreae (Rhamnaceae) revisited Telopea 12(1): 1–22
  6. Keng, Hsuan 1973 Nomenclatural Notes on Wu P'I Ch'a or the Black-barked Tea Plant Taiwania 18(1) 55-56
  1. Kimata, Mikio 1978 Comparative studies on the reproductive systems of Mazus japonicus and M. miquelii (Scrophulariaceae) Plant Systematics and Evolution 129(4) 243-253
  2. Kirkbride, J. H. Jr., Wiersema, J. H. 2007. Proposal to reject the name Arundo vallatoria (Poaceae). Taxon. 56(1):258.
  3. Kitamura 1941 An Enureration of Compositae of Formosa Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica 10(1) 15-33
  4. Ko, Yung-Nan, Fu-Shan Chou and Chun-Kuei Liao 2011 A newly naturalized species in Taiwan: Rauvolfia tetraphylla L. (Apocynaceae) 56(2): 169-172
  5. Kobuski, C. E. 1941 Studies in the Theaceae, VII. The American species of the genus Cleyera Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 22:395-416
  6. Koyama, Tetsuo 1975 Two New Species of Smilax (Smilacaceae) from Taiwan. Taiwania 20(2) 117-122
  7. Kress, W. John, Linda M. Prince, and Kyle J. Williams 2002 The phylogeny and a new classification of the gingers (Zingiberaceae): evidence from molecular data American Journal of Botany 89(11): 1682-1696
  8. Kron, Kathleen A. 1996 Phylogenetic Relationships of Empetraceae, Epacridaceae, Ericaceae, Monotropaceae, and Pyrolaceae: Evidence from Nuclear Ribosomal 18s Sequence Data Ann. Bot. 77(4): 293-303
  9. Kuo, Chen-Meng 1979 Three newly recorded naturalized plants of Taiwan--Mollugo verticillata, Festuca elatior and Bromus rigidus. Taiwania 24(1) 22-26
  10. Kuo, Dai-Chang , Chia-Chia Lin, Kuo-Chieh Ho, Yu-Pin Cheng, Shih-Ying Hwang and Tsan-Piao Lin 2010 Two genetic divergence centers revealed by chloroplastic DNA variation in populations of Cinnamomum kanehirae Hay Conserv Genet 11(3):803–812
  11. Kuo, Yu-Wen, Fu-Yuan Lu, Ming-Horng Duh, Shu-Lin Deng 2008 A New Species, Alpinia nantoensis (Zingiberaceae), from Taiwan. Taiwan J For Sci 23(1): 93-97
  12. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng, Gow-Ing Liao and Ming-Yih Chen 1999 Two New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 44(4) 514-519
  13. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng and Chih-Hui Chen 2000 New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 45(4) 328-333
  14. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng 2003 Agrostis dimorpholemma (Gramineae), a New Record from Southern Taiwan and It’s Morphological Variation. Taiwania 48(2) 94-98


  1. Lammers, Thomas G. 1992 New combinations for Asian Companulaceae Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin 33:285-287
  2. Lammers, Thomas G. 1993 The correct name for Taiwanese Campanula (Campanulaceae) Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin 34:287-288
  3. Lee, Yuan-Jr, Shih-Ying Hwang, Kuo-Chieh Ho and Tsan-Piao Lin 2006 Source Populations of Quercus glauca in the Last Glacial Age in Taiwan Revealed by Nuclear Microsatellite Markers J. Hered. 97(3): 261-269.
  4. Levin, R.A., N.R. Myers, & L. Bohs 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny" solanums (Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum). Amer. J. Bot. 93: 157-169.
  5. Li, Sung-Po, Huan-Yu Chen, Chun-Chi Lin, Wu-Tsang Cheng and Chang-Fu Hsieh 2000 Eriocaulon taishanense F. Z. Li, a New Record for thr Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 45(3):276-279
  6. Li, S. P., T. H. Hsieh, and C. C. Lin. 2002. The genus Nymphoides Seguier (Menyanthaceae) in Taiwan. Taiwania 47(4): 246-258.
  7. Li, Sung-Po, Chun-Chi Lin and Chang-Fu Hsieh 2008 Juncus tobdenii Noltie (Juncaceae), a New Record from Northern Taiwan. 53(3) 321-323
  8. Liang, Yi-Shou, Ming-Jer Jung, Sheng-Chieh Wu, Yui-Ching Kao and Jenn-Che Wang 2011 Stemodia L. (Scrophulariaceae), a Newly Naturalized Genus in Taiwan Taiwania 56(1) 62-65
  9. Liang, Yi-Shuo, Jenn-Che Wang 2012 A Newly Naturalized Plant in Taiwan: Silene gallica L. (Caryophyllaceae) Taiwan J. For. Sci. 27 (4) 397-401
  10. Liang, Yi-Shuo, Chih-Hsiung Chen, Jenn-Che Wang 2012 Taxonomic revision of Lindernia All. (Scrophulariaceae sensu lato) inn Taiwan. Taiwan J. For. Sci. 31(1) 95-116
  11. Liede, Sigrid, Henning Kunze 2002 Cynanchum and the Cynanchinae (ApocynaceaeAsclepiadoideae): a molecular, anatomical and latex triterpenoid study Org. Divers. Evol. 2: 239–269
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