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Convolvulaceae Reference

  1. Austin, D. F. 1998 Convolvulaceae (Morning Glory Family) J. Arizona-Nevada Academy Sci. 30(2) 61-82
  2. Brown, Jacqueline M., Richard K. Brummitt, Mark Spencer and Mark A. Carine 2009 Disentangling the bindweeds: hybridization and taxonomic diversity in British Calystegia (Convolvulaceae) Bot J Linn Soc 160 388-401
  3. Chao, Chien-Ti, Po-Hao Chen and Chiu-Mei Wang 2017 Two newly naturalized plant species in Taiwan: Astraea lobata and Merremia umbellata Quarterly Journal of Forest Research 39 (4) 285-294
  4. Chen, Shih-Huei and Ming-Jou Wu 2006 Note on Two New Additional Plants to TaiwanGnaphalium polycaulon Pers. (Asteraceae) and Ipomoea eriocarpa R. Br. (Convolvulaceae) Taiwania 51(3): 219-225
  5. Chen, Shih-Huei, Jian-Yu Su and Ming-Jou Wu 2009 Notes on Two Newly Naturalized Plants in Taiwan: Evolvulus nummularius (L.) L. (Convolvulaceae) and Acalypha aristata Kunth (Euphorbiaceae) Taiwania 54(3): 273-278
  6. Govil, C. M. 1971 Morphological studies in the family Convolvulaceae V. Organogenesis of the flower The Journal of the Indian Botanical Society 37(4): 199-204
  7. Govil, C. M. 1972 Morphological studies in the family Convolvulaceae IV. Vascular anatomy of the flower Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences - Section B 75(6): 271-282
  8. Ko, Yung-Nan and Ho-Yih Liu 2011 Merremia cissoides(Lam.)Hallier f. (Convolvulaceae), a newly naturalized plant to Taiwan TW J. of Biodivers. 13 (4):345-348
  9. Lawand, Pramod R. and Vinod B. Shimpale 2017 Typifications in Argyreia (Convolvulaceae) Taiwania 62 (3): 335-336
  10. Lu, Fu-Yuan 1976 Contributtons to the dicotyledonous plants of Taiwan (2) Quarterly Jounal of Chinese Forestry 9(2) 127-143 /Rubus arachnoideusRubus hopingensisRubus ilanensisRubus urophyllusRubus yuliensisAralia taiwanianaRubus parviaraliifolius var. lzxiflorusRubus pseudoacer var. flexuosusStellaria monosperma var. taiwanianaBerrya ammonillaLepistemon binectariferum var. trichocarpumHypericum laxum
  11. Manos, Paul S., Richard E. Miller and Paul Wilkin 2001 Phylogenetic Analysis of Ipomoea, Argyreia, Stictocardia, and Turbina Suggests a Generalized Model of Morphological Evolution in Morning Glories Systematic Botany 26(3): 585-602
  12. Ooststroom, van S. J. 1940 The Convolvulaceae of Malaysia, III Blumea 3 (3) 481-582
  13. Ou, Chern-hsiung 1987 Contributtons to the dicotyledonous plants of Taiwan (X) Bullitin Exper. for NCHU 8 11-30
  14. Raimúndez-Urrutia, Elena, Lyz Avendaño and Dilia Velázquez 2008 Reproductive biology of the morning glory Merremia macrocalyx (Ruiz & Pavon) O’Donnell (Convolvulaceae) The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 135(3): 299-308
  15. Schimming, Thomas, Kristina Jenett-Siems, Petra Mann, Britta Tofern-Reblin, Jenny Milson b, Robert W. Johnson, Thierry Deroin, Daniel F. Austin, Eckart Eich 2005 Calystegines as chemotaxonomic markers in the Convolvulaceae Phytochemistry 66: 469–480
  16. Wang, J. C. and H. F. Yen. 1995 Merremia vitifolia (Burm. f.) Hall. f. (Convolvulaceae), a new record for Taiwan Taiwania 40:198-201
  17. Welman, W. G. 1997 Convolvulaceae two exotic taxa of Ipomoea and Merremia in Southern Africa Bothalia 27 2 141
  18. Yang, Sheng-Zehn and Maria Teresa Buril 2012 A new alien distribution record and addition to the Flora of Taiwan: Jacquemontia polyantha (Schltdl. & Cham.) Hallier f. (Convolvulaceae) Taiwania 57 (4):418-421
  19. Yang, Sheng-Zehn, Po-Hao Chen and George W. Staples 2015 Argyreia akoensis (Convolvulaceae), a new species from southern Taiwan Taiwania 60(3): 117-122
  20. Yeh, Hsiu-Jane, Jinn-Lai Tsai 2000 A new variety of Evolvulus alsinoides L. in Taiwan Quarterly Journal of Forest Research 22(4) 23-28

  1. 黄素华 1986 中国旋花科新分类群 植物分类学报 24(1): 17-20
  2. 蔡羽喬,李寶珠,張藝翰,謝宗欣 2010 台灣新歸化旋花科植物-七爪菜欒藤 環境與生態學報 3(2):1-7

Cuscuta Reference

  1. Costea, Mihai , Miguel A García and Saša Stefanović 2015 A Phylogenetically Based Infrageneric Classification of the Parasitic Plant Genus Cuscuta (Dodders, Convolvulaceae) Systematic Botany 40(1): 269–285
  2. Kanwal, Durdana,Rubina Abid and M. Qaiser 2010 The Seed Atlas of Pakistan.- III. Cuscutaceae Pak. J. Bot. 42(2): 703-709
  3. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng and Su-Hwa Tsai Chiang 1989 Host Plants and the Haustorium of Cuscuta Japonica Choisy var. formosa (Hay.) Yunker (Convolvulaceae) Taiwania 34(1) 11-27
  4. Liao, Gwo-Ing, Ming-Yih Chen and Chang-Sheng Kuoh 2000 Cuscuta L. (Convolvulaceae) in Taiwan Taiwania 45(3) 226-234
  5. Liao, Gwo-Ing, Chang-Sheng Kuoh, Ming-Yih Chen 2005 Morphological observation on floral variations of the genus Cuscuta in Taiwan Taiwania 50(2) 123-130
  6. Perveen, Anjum and Mohammad Qaiser 2004 Pollen flora of Pakistan – XLI. Cuscutaceae Pak. J. Bot. 36(3): 475-480
  7. Sharma, Yash Pal and Vijayata Kapoor 2014 Parastic angiosperms and biology Cuscuta Species - An overview Rev. Plant Pathol. Vol. 6 577-608
  8. Wright, Michael A. R., Mark Welsh, Mihai Costea 2011 Diversity and evolution of gynoecium in Cuscuta dodders, (Convolvulaceae) in relation to their reproductive biology: two styles are better than one Pl. Syst. Evol. 296: 51–76.
  9. Yuncker, T. G. 1943 Observations on the presence of stomata in some species of Cuscuta Botany 53 100-104

  1. 廖國媖,陳明義2 郭長生 2005 菟絲子屬在台灣及金馬地區的分布及寄主範圍-特別關注於台灣菟絲子寄主喜好性 生物學報 40(1): 17-24

Ipomoea Reference

  1. Bhellum, B. L. 2012 Taxonomic studies on genus Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the flora of Jammu and Kashmir State J. Plant Biol Res. 1 (1): 29- 35
  2. Buteler, M. I., D. R. Labonte, R. L. Jarret, and R. E. Macchiavelli Microsatellite-based paternity analysis in polyploid sweetpotato Journal Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 127(3): 392-396.
  3. Chen, Shih-Huei and Ming-Jou Wu 2001 Notes on two newly naturalized plant in Taiwan Taiwania 46(1) 85-92 / Ipomoea hederifolia and Mecardonia procumbens
  4. Chen, Shih-Huei and Ming-Jou Wu 2006 Note on Two New Additional Plants to TaiwanGnaphalium polycaulon Pers. (Asteraceae) and Ipomoea eriocarpa R. Br. (Convolvulaceae) Taiwania 51(3): 219-225
  5. Das, Saubhik 2011 Congruence between morphological and molecular approach in understanding species relationship in Ipomoea spp.: A rare event in taxonomy Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 10(4): 263-268
  6. House, Homer Doliver 1906 Studies in the North American Convolvulaceae. I. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 33(5): 313-318
  7. House, Homer Doliver 1907 Studies in the North American Convolvulaceae. III. Calycobolus, Bonamia, and Stylisma Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 34(3): 143-149
  8. Hsu, T.-W., T.-Y. Chiang, K.-C. Tsai and C.-C. Huang. 2006c. Ipomoea eriocarpa R. Br. (Convolvulaceae) newly naturalized to Taiwan. Endemic Species Research 8:103-107.
  9. Hsu, T.-W., K.-H. Wang and T.-Y. Chiang. 2006d. Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth (Convolvulaceae), a species of the I. nil complex, newly naturalized in Taiwan. BioFormosa 41: 19-22.
  10. Jayasuriya, K. M. G. Gehan, Jerry M. Baskin, Robert L. Geneve and Carol C. 2007 Seed development in Ipomoea lacunosa (Convolvulaceae), with particular reference to anatomy of the water gap Annals of Botany 100 459-470
  11. Lara, José Manuel Castro Ipomoea diegoae (Convolvulaceae), una nueva especie para Guerrero, México Acta Botánica Mexicana 67: 67-74
  12. McDonald, J. Andrew, Debra R. Hansen, Joshua R. McDill and Beryl B. Simpson 2011 A phylogenetic assessment of breeding systems and floral morphology of north american Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5(1): 159–177
  13. Miller, Richard E. and Mark D. Rausher 1999 Phylogenetic systematics of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) based on ITS and waxy sequences Systematic Botany 24(2): 209-227
  14. Miller, Richard E., J. Andrew McDonald and Paul S. Manos 2004 Systematics of Ipomoea subgenus Quamoclit (Convolvulaceae) based on ITS sequence data and a Bayesian phylogenetic analysis American Journal of Botany 91:1208-1218
  15. Miryeganeh, Matin, Koji Takayama, Yoichi Tateishi, Tadashi Kajita 2014 Long-distance dispersal by sea-drifted seeds has maintained the global distribution of Ipomoea pes-caprae subsp. brasiliensis (Convolvulaceae) PLOS ONE 9(4): e91836
  16. Miryeganeh, Matin, Koji Takayama, Yoichi Tateishi and Tadashi Kajita 2014 Geographic structure of a True pantropical plant with sea-drifted seeds, Ipomoea pes-caprae (Convolvulaceae), revealed by nuclear markers J. Jpn. Bot. 89: 65–75
  17. Ooststroom, van S. J. 1940 The Convolvulaceae of Malaysia, III Blumea 3 (3) 481-582
  18. Ou, Chern-hsiung 1987 Contributtons to the dicotyledonous plants of Taiwan (X) Bullitin Exper. for NCHU 8 11-30
  19. Prakash, C. S., and Guohao He Robert L. Jarret 1996 DNA Marker-based study of genetic relatedness in United States sweetpotato cultivars J. AMER. SOC. HORT. SCI. 121(6):1059–1062
  20. Shaltout, K. H., Y. M. Al-Sodany and E. M. Eid 2006 The biology of Egyptian wood perennials 2 Ipomoea carnea Jacq. Ass. Univ. Bull. Environ. Res. 9 75-91
  21. Welman, W. G. 1997 Convolvulaceae two exotic taxa of Ipomoea and Merremia in Southern Africa Bothalia 27 2 141
  22. Welman, W. G. and A. D. J. Meeuse 1998 Revised key to Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in southern Africa Bothalia 28(1): 19-24

  1. 許再文,蔣鎮宇,蔡昆展,黃朝慶 2006 台灣旋花科的新歸化植物─ 毛果薯 特有生物研究 8(2): 103-107
  2. 陈丹生,丁有雄,马瑞君,朱慧,卢爱娜 2007 五爪金龙茎的解剖结构 云南植物研究 29(2): 189-192
  3. 黄金霞,王亮生,李晓梅,鲁迎青 2006 花色变异的分子基础与进化模式研究进展 植物学通报 23(4) 321-333
  4. 簡靖華,賴永昌,陳一心,林順福 2009 台灣甘藷品種之ISSR DNA 標誌變異研究 台灣農學會報10(4): 255-271
  5. 杨丽娟,李法曾 2008 牵牛复合体(旋花科)的分类学研究 武汉植物学研究 26(6) 589-594
  6. 陳柏豪,楊勝任 2017 臺灣新歸化植物-擬紅花野牽牛(旋花科) 國立臺灣博物館學刊 70(1):1-8


Web Link

  1. Department of Botany & the U.S. National Herbarium 2017 The Plant Press vol 20 (2) Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
  2. International Association for Vegetation Science 2009 Vegetation Processes and Human Impact in a Changing World 52nd INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM
  3. 17th International Workshop European Vegetation Survey 2008 Using phytosociological data to address ecological questions Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic

Books and Journals


  1. Arora, R. K. 2014 Diversity in underutilized plant species - an Asia-Pacific perspective Bioversity International
  2. Azan, Shakira Stephanie Elaine 2011Invasive aquatic plants and the aquarium and ornamental pond industries Theses and dissertations Ryerson University P. 818
  3. Chen, Xin, Hai He and Li-Bing Zhang 2015 A monograph of the Anisophylleaceae (Cucurbitales) with description of 18 new species of Anisophyllea Phytotaxa 229 (1):1-189
  4. Chiou, Chyi-Rong, Guo-Zhang Michael Song, Jui-Han Chien, Chang-Fu Hsieh, Jenn Che Wang, Ming-Yih Chen, Ho-Yih Liu, Ching-Long Yeh, Yue-Joe Hsia, and Tze-Ying Chen 2010 Altitudinal distribution patterns of plant species in Taiwan are mainly determined by the northeast monsoon rather than the heat retention mechanism of Massenerhebung Botanical Studies 51: 89-97
  5. Cornelissen, Johannes H. C., Yao-Bin Song, Fei-Hai, Yu Ming Dong 2014 Plant traits and ecosystem effects of clonality: a new research agenda Annals of Botany 114: 369–376
  6. Dai Chang-Feng et. 2008 The Research of Natural Resources of the Three Northern Islets Taiwanese Coral Feef Society Marine National Park
  7. Duke, Norman C., Jock Mackenzie, Apanie Wood 2012 A revision of mangrove plants of the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Samoa Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research
  8. Eckert, Christopher G. 1999 Clonal plant research: proliferation, integration, but not much evolution Am. J. Bot. 86(11) 1649-1654
  9. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1994 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume one, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-52-5
  10. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1996 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Two, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  11. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1993 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Three, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  12. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1998 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Four, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  13. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 2000 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Five, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  14. Endress, Peter K. 2010 The evolution of floral biology in basal angiosperms Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 365(1539): 411–421
  15. Gradstein, S. Robbert, Jürgen Homeier and Dirk Gansert 2008 The Tropical Mountain Forest Patterns and Processes in a Biodiversity Hotspot Biodiversity and Ecology Series 2
  16. Giesen, Wim Stephan Wulffraat, Max Zieren and Liesbeth Scholten 2006 Mangrove Guidebook for Southeast Asia FAO and Wetlands International ISBN: 974-7946-85-8
  17. Grande, J. R., J. Kallunki, M. M. Arbo, P. E. Berry, O. Huber and R. Riina 2012 Botanical novelties from Sierra de Maigualida, southern Venezuela II. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 69(1): 7-19
  18. Herben, Tomáš, Zuzana Nováková, Jitka Klimešová 2014 Clonal growth and plant species abundance Annals of Botany 114: 377–388
  19. Hsieh, Chang-Fu 1989 Structure and Floristic Composition of the Beech Forest in Taiwan Taiwania 34(1) 28-44
  20. Kaufmann, Eva 2003 Southeast Asian Ant-Gardens- Diversity, ecology, ecosystematic significance, and evolution of mutualistic ant-epiphyte associations - Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
  21. Keng, Hsuan 1973 Nomenclatural Notes on Wu P'I Ch'a or the Black-barked Tea Plant Taiwania 18(1) 55-56
  22. Kitamura 1941 An Enureration of Compositae of Formosa Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica 10(1) 15-33
  23. Klimešová, Jitka, Jiří Doležal and Marek Sammul 2011 Evolutionary and organismic constraints on the relationship between spacer length and environmental conditions in clonal plants Oikos 120: 1110–1120
  24. Kron, Kathleen A. 1996 Phylogenetic Relationships of Empetraceae, Epacridaceae, Ericaceae, Monotropaceae, and Pyrolaceae: Evidence from Nuclear Ribosomal 18s Sequence Data Ann. Bot. 77(4): 293-303
  25. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng, Gow-Ing Liao and Ming-Yih Chen 1999 Two New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 44(4) 514-519
  26. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng and Chih-Hui Chen 2000 New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 45(4) 328-333
  27. Liu, Y. C. and C. H. Ou 1974 New additions to the flora of Taiwan. Quarterly journal of Chinese forestry 7(4): 150-151.
  28. Löve, Áskell and Ebba Kjellqvist 1974 Cytotaxonomy of Spanish plants. III Dicotyledons: Salicaceae-Rosaceae Lagascalia 4(1): 3-32


  1. Ma, Jin-Shuang 2010 Nomenclatural notes on alien vascular plants in north american originated from east asia Acta Botanica Yunnanica 32(1): 14-24
  2. Nandi, Owi I., Mark W. Chase and Peter K. Endress 1998 A Combined Cladistic Analysis of Angiosperms Using rbcL and Non-Molecular Data Sets Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 85 (1) 137-214
  3. Newman, Mark,Sounthone Ketphanh, Bouakhaykhone Svengsuksa, Philip Thomas, Khamphone Sengdala, Vichith Lamxay, Kate Armstrong 2007 A Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Lao PDR Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh ISBN 978-1-906129-04-0
  4. Ohashi, Hiroyoshi 2009 Bunzo Hayata and His Contributions to the Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 54(1) 1-27
  5. Peng, Ching-I 1978 Some new records for the Flora of Taiwan Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 19(1) 83-86
  6. Peng Ching-I, Shiou-Fen Yen and Ji-Yui Guo 1986 Notes on the Chromosome Cytology of Some Rare, Threatened, or Endangered Plants of Taiwan (I) Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 27(2): 219-235
  7. Qiu, Yin-Long, Olena Dombrovska, Jungho Lee, Libo Li, Barbara A. Whitlock, Fabiana Bernasconi-Quadroni, Joshua S. Rest, et al. 2005. Phylogenetic analyses of basal angiosperms based on nine plastid, mitochondrial, and nuclear genes. International Journal of Plant Sciences 166(5): 815-842.
  8. Severinghaus, Sheldon and Charles E. DeVol 1974 Note on the distribution of Taiwan Beech Taiwania 19(2) 235-237
  9. Shaheen, Hamayun, Shujaul Mulk Khan, David M. Harper, Zahid Ullah, and Rizwana Allem Qureshi 2011 Species Diversity, Community Structure, and Distribution Patterns in Western Himalayan Alpine Pastures of Kashmir, Pakistan Mountain Research and Development 31(2):153-159
  10. Shi, Suhua,Yaqing Du,D. E. Boufford, Xun Gong, Yelin Huang, Hanghang He & Yang Zhong 2003 Phylogenetic position of Schnabelia, a genus endemic to China: Evidence from sequences of cpDNA matK gene and nrDNA ITS regions Chinese Science Bulletin 48(15) 1576-1580
  11. Shisode, S. B. and D. A. Patil 2011 Taxonomic and phylogenetic census of the Celastrales: A synthetic review Curr. Bot. 2(4): 36-43
  12. Sosnová, Monika, Rudyvan Diggelen, Jitka Klimešová 2010 Distribution of clonal growth forms in wetlands Aquatic Botany 92(1) 33-39
  13. Starr, Forest, Kim Starr, and Lloyd L. Loope 2010 New plant records from the Hawaiian Archipelago Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 107:61-68
  14. Steinmanna, K., H. P. Linder, N. E. Zimmermanna 2009 Modelling plant species richness using functional groups Ecological Modelling 220 962-967
  15. Su, Horng-Jye 2000 Contribution to a revised orchid flora of Taiwan (IV). Taiwania 45(3) 239-248
  16. Tamura, Minoru N., Shingchi Chen and Nicholas J. Turland 2000 A New Combination in Heteropolygonatum (Convallariaceae, Polygonateae) NOVON 10(2): 156-157
  17. Thaman, R. R. and Malosi Samuelu 2016 Vascular Plants, vegetation and ethnobotany of Banaba (Ocean island), Republic of Kiribati Atoll Research Bulletin No. 609
  18. Turner, I. M., Y. W. Low, M. Rodda, K. M. Wong and D. J. Middleton 2018 The plant taxa of H. N. Ridley, 5. The Gentianales Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 70 (2): 307–395
  19. Van der Vossen, H. A. M. and M. Wessel 2000 Plant Resources of South-East Asia Stimulants 16 ISBN 90-5782-053-6
  20. Von Lampe, Maud, Gerd Jünger and Ssabine Tischew 2002 Morphological features of herbaceous perennials causing abundance in lignite mining areas
  21. Wu Ding, Hong Wang,Jin-Mei Lu, De-Zhu Li 2005 Comparative morphology of leaf epidermis in Parnassia (Parnassiaceae) from China Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 43(3): 210–224
  22. Wu, S.-H., C.-H. Hsieh and M. Rejmánek. 2004b. Catalogue of the naturalized flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 49: 16-31.
  23. Wu, Shan-Huah, T. Y. Aleck Yang, Yung-Ching Teng, Chih-Yuan Chang, Kuoh-Cheng Yang and Chang-Fu Hsieh 2010 Insights of the Latest Naturalized Flora of Taiwan : Change in the Past Eight Years Taiwania 55(2): 139-159
  24. Yamashita, Jun and Minoru N. Tamura 2001 Karyotype analysis of two species of the Chinese epiphytic genus Heteropolygonatum (Convallariaceae-Polygonateae) Acta Phytotax Geobot. 51 (2): 147-153
  25. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu and S.-Y. Lu. 1997. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 2: 352. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  26. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu, S.-Y. Lu and B.-L. Shih. 1998. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 3: 392. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  27. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu, S.-Y. Lu and B.-L. Shih. 1999. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 4: 432. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  28. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu and T.-P. Lin. 2001. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 5: 457. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  29. Yang, Yuen-Po and Ho-Yih Liu 2002 Nomenclature Changes for Some Dicots of Taiwan Taiwania 47(2) 175-178
  30. Yang, Yuen-Po, Chun-kuei Liao, Mo-shih Tang, Chih-Kai Yang, Chiou-Yu Yeh 2009 Family and genus flora of Taiwan seed plants. Forestry Bureau, The Council of Agriculture, The Executive Yuan, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China ISBN 978-986-02-2316-3
  31. Yong, Jean W H, Chiou-Rong Sheue 2014 A Comparative Guide to the Asian Mangroves