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Gentianaceae Reference

  1. Chen, Chih-Hsiung, Jenn-Che Wang 1999 Revision of the genus Gentiana L. (Gentianaceae) in Taiwan. Bot. Bull. Academia Sinica 40(1) 9-38
  2. Chen, Chih-Hsiung and Jenn-Che Wang 2000 Lomatogonium chilaiensis (Gentianaceae), a newly recorded genus and new species in Taiwan Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 41: 323-326
  3. Chen, Chih-Hsiung, Jenn-Che Wang, and Yung-Chan Chang 2006 Tripterospermum lilungshanensis (Gentianaceae), a new species in Taiwan. Bot. Stud. 47: 199-205
  4. Chen, Chih-Hsiung, Chien-Fan Chen, & Sheng-Zehn Yang 2008 Swertia changii (Gentianaceae), a new species from southern Taiwan Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 49:155-160
  5. Chen, Chih-Hsiung, Pi-Fong Lu and Chiu-Mei Wang 2018 Canscora diffusa (Vahl) R. Br. ex Roem. & Schult. (Gentianaceae), a newly recorded genus and species in Taiwan Quarterly Journal of Forest Research 40 (3): 217-221
  6. Gielly, Ludovic and Pierre Taberlet 1996 A phylogeny of the European gentians inferred from chloroplast trnL (UAA) intron sequences Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 120: 57-75
  7. Gielly, Ludovia, Yong-Ming Yuan, Philippe Küpfer, Pierre Taberlet 1996 Phylogenetic Use of Noncoding Regions in the Genus Gentiana L.: Chloroplast trnL (UAA) Intron versus Nuclear Ribosomal Internal Transcribed Spacer Sequences Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 5(3):460-466
  8. Gupta, Sharmistha, Ambarish Mukherjee and Madhusudan Mondal 2012 A census of Gentiana L. in India Systematics of Fiowering Plants ISBN : 978-93-5067-867-1
  9. He Ting-nong, Shi-long Chen, Jian-quan Liu, De-yuan Hong 2000 Embryology of Gentiana striata (Gentianaceae) Acta Bot. Boreal. 20(6) 960-967
  10. Ho, T. N. 1994 New taxa of Gentianaceae from China Novon 4(4): 369-372
  11. Ho, Ting-Nong, Shang-wu Liu, Xue-feng Lu 1996 A Phylogenetic Analysis of Gentiana (Gentianaceae) Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 34(5) 505-530
  12. Ho, Ting nong and Shang wu Liu 2001 A worldwide monographh of Gentiana Science Press New York Ltd. 24P. ISBN 7-03-009190-67
  13. Ho, Ting Nong , Shi Long Chen, and Shang Wu Liu 2002 Metagentiana, a new genus of Gentianaceae Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 43(1) 83-91
  14. Hsieh, Tung-Yu, Tien-Chuan Hsu, Yoshiko Kono, Shin-Ming Ku, and Ching-I Peng 2007 Gentiana bambuseti (Gentianaceae), a new species from Taiwan Bot. Stud. 48(3): 349-355
  15. Hsu, Tian-Chuan and Shih-Wen Chung 2012 Tripterospermum hualienense (Gentianaceae), a new species from Taiwan Taiwania 57(2):183-187
  16. Omer, Saood, M. Qaiser and S. I. Ali 1988 Studies in the family Gentianaceae : The genus Aloitis Rafin. from Pakistan and Kashmir Pak. J. Bot. 20 (2) 153-160
  17. Pirea, Stella Maris & Massimiliano Dematteisb 2007 Pollen aperture heteromorphism in Centaurium pulchellum (Gentianaceae) Grana 46(1) 1-12
  18. Shabir, Mohd, Priyanka Agnihotri, Danish Husain, JK. Tiwari1 and Tariq Husain 2017 On the current status of the genus Gentiana L. (Gentianaceae) in India Pleione 11 (1): 16-24
  19. Shabir, Mohd, Priyanka Agnihotri, Jay Krishan Tiwari and Tariq Husain 2018 Gentiana aperta (Gentianaceae) - a new record to India from Ladakh Himalaya Journal of Threatened Taxa 10 (9) 12286–12289
  20. Shabir, Mohd, Priyanka Agnihotri, Jay Krishan Tiwari and Tariq Husain 2018 Gentiana pringlei (Gentianaceae) – A new species from cold deserts of Ladakh Himalaya, India Taiwania 63 (4):356-359
  21. Struwe, Lena 2014 Chapter 2 Classification and Evolution of the Family Gentianaceae The Gentianaceae - Volume 1: Characterization and Ecology
  22. Sugumaran, M. and K. M. Wong, 2014 Studies in Malesian Gentianaceae, VI. A revision of Utania in the Malay Peninsula with two new species Plant Ecology and Evolution 147 (2) 213-223
  23. Wang, J. C. and C. T. Lu. 1998 Revision of the genus Swertia L. (Gentianaceae) in Taiwan Taiwania 43(4): 273-288
  24. Wong, K. M., M. Sugumaran and J.B. Sugau 2013 Studies in Malesian Gentianaceae, V. The Fagraea complex in Borneo: New generic assignments and recombinations Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 65 (2): 235–239
  25. Yuan, Yong-Ming, Philippe Küpfer and Louis Zeltner 1998 Chromosomal evolution of Gentiana and Jaeschkea (Gentianaceae), with further documentation of chromosome data for 35 species from western China plant systemtaic and evolution 210(3-4):231-247

  1. 何廷农,陈世龙,刘建全,洪德元 2000 条纹龙胆的胚胎学研究 西北植物学报 20(6): 960-967
  2. 陈生云,陈世龙,夏涛,王玉金 2005 用nrDNA ITS序列探讨狭蕊龙胆属及其近缘属(龙胆科)的系统发育 植物分类学报 43(6) 491-502
  3. 张小兰,葛学军,刘建全,袁永明 2006 粗茎秦艽西藏秦艽(龙胆科)种间的形态学、染色体与分子界定 植物分类学报 44(6): 627-640


Web Link

  1. Department of Botany & the U.S. National Herbarium 2017 The Plant Press vol 20 (2) Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
  2. International Association for Vegetation Science 2009 Vegetation Processes and Human Impact in a Changing World 52nd INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM
  3. 17th International Workshop European Vegetation Survey 2008 Using phytosociological data to address ecological questions Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic

Books and Journals


  1. Arora, R. K. 2014 Diversity in underutilized plant species - an Asia-Pacific perspective Bioversity International
  2. Azan, Shakira Stephanie Elaine 2011Invasive aquatic plants and the aquarium and ornamental pond industries Theses and dissertations Ryerson University P. 818
  3. Chen, Xin, Hai He and Li-Bing Zhang 2015 A monograph of the Anisophylleaceae (Cucurbitales) with description of 18 new species of Anisophyllea Phytotaxa 229 (1):1-189
  4. Chiou, Chyi-Rong, Guo-Zhang Michael Song, Jui-Han Chien, Chang-Fu Hsieh, Jenn Che Wang, Ming-Yih Chen, Ho-Yih Liu, Ching-Long Yeh, Yue-Joe Hsia, and Tze-Ying Chen 2010 Altitudinal distribution patterns of plant species in Taiwan are mainly determined by the northeast monsoon rather than the heat retention mechanism of Massenerhebung Botanical Studies 51: 89-97
  5. Cornelissen, Johannes H. C., Yao-Bin Song, Fei-Hai, Yu Ming Dong 2014 Plant traits and ecosystem effects of clonality: a new research agenda Annals of Botany 114: 369–376
  6. Dai Chang-Feng et. 2008 The Research of Natural Resources of the Three Northern Islets Taiwanese Coral Feef Society Marine National Park
  7. Duke, Norman C., Jock Mackenzie, Apanie Wood 2012 A revision of mangrove plants of the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Samoa Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research
  8. Eckert, Christopher G. 1999 Clonal plant research: proliferation, integration, but not much evolution Am. J. Bot. 86(11) 1649-1654
  9. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1994 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume one, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-52-5
  10. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1996 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Two, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  11. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1993 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Three, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  12. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1998 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Four, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  13. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 2000 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Five, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  14. Endress, Peter K. 2010 The evolution of floral biology in basal angiosperms Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 365(1539): 411–421
  15. Gradstein, S. Robbert, Jürgen Homeier and Dirk Gansert 2008 The Tropical Mountain Forest Patterns and Processes in a Biodiversity Hotspot Biodiversity and Ecology Series 2
  16. Giesen, Wim Stephan Wulffraat, Max Zieren and Liesbeth Scholten 2006 Mangrove Guidebook for Southeast Asia FAO and Wetlands International ISBN: 974-7946-85-8
  17. Grande, J. R., J. Kallunki, M. M. Arbo, P. E. Berry, O. Huber and R. Riina 2012 Botanical novelties from Sierra de Maigualida, southern Venezuela II. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 69(1): 7-19
  18. Herben, Tomáš, Zuzana Nováková, Jitka Klimešová 2014 Clonal growth and plant species abundance Annals of Botany 114: 377–388
  19. Hsieh, Chang-Fu 1989 Structure and Floristic Composition of the Beech Forest in Taiwan Taiwania 34(1) 28-44
  20. Kaufmann, Eva 2003 Southeast Asian Ant-Gardens- Diversity, ecology, ecosystematic significance, and evolution of mutualistic ant-epiphyte associations - Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
  21. Keng, Hsuan 1973 Nomenclatural Notes on Wu P'I Ch'a or the Black-barked Tea Plant Taiwania 18(1) 55-56
  22. Kitamura 1941 An Enureration of Compositae of Formosa Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica 10(1) 15-33
  23. Klimešová, Jitka, Jiří Doležal and Marek Sammul 2011 Evolutionary and organismic constraints on the relationship between spacer length and environmental conditions in clonal plants Oikos 120: 1110–1120
  24. Kron, Kathleen A. 1996 Phylogenetic Relationships of Empetraceae, Epacridaceae, Ericaceae, Monotropaceae, and Pyrolaceae: Evidence from Nuclear Ribosomal 18s Sequence Data Ann. Bot. 77(4): 293-303
  25. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng, Gow-Ing Liao and Ming-Yih Chen 1999 Two New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 44(4) 514-519
  26. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng and Chih-Hui Chen 2000 New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 45(4) 328-333
  27. Liu, Y. C. and C. H. Ou 1974 New additions to the flora of Taiwan. Quarterly journal of Chinese forestry 7(4): 150-151.
  28. Löve, Áskell and Ebba Kjellqvist 1974 Cytotaxonomy of Spanish plants. III Dicotyledons: Salicaceae-Rosaceae Lagascalia 4(1): 3-32


  1. Ma, Jin-Shuang 2010 Nomenclatural notes on alien vascular plants in north american originated from east asia Acta Botanica Yunnanica 32(1): 14-24
  2. Nandi, Owi I., Mark W. Chase and Peter K. Endress 1998 A Combined Cladistic Analysis of Angiosperms Using rbcL and Non-Molecular Data Sets Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 85 (1) 137-214
  3. Newman, Mark,Sounthone Ketphanh, Bouakhaykhone Svengsuksa, Philip Thomas, Khamphone Sengdala, Vichith Lamxay, Kate Armstrong 2007 A Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Lao PDR Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh ISBN 978-1-906129-04-0
  4. Ohashi, Hiroyoshi 2009 Bunzo Hayata and His Contributions to the Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 54(1) 1-27
  5. Peng, Ching-I 1978 Some new records for the Flora of Taiwan Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 19(1) 83-86
  6. Peng Ching-I, Shiou-Fen Yen and Ji-Yui Guo 1986 Notes on the Chromosome Cytology of Some Rare, Threatened, or Endangered Plants of Taiwan (I) Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 27(2): 219-235
  7. Qiu, Yin-Long, Olena Dombrovska, Jungho Lee, Libo Li, Barbara A. Whitlock, Fabiana Bernasconi-Quadroni, Joshua S. Rest, et al. 2005. Phylogenetic analyses of basal angiosperms based on nine plastid, mitochondrial, and nuclear genes. International Journal of Plant Sciences 166(5): 815-842.
  8. Severinghaus, Sheldon and Charles E. DeVol 1974 Note on the distribution of Taiwan Beech Taiwania 19(2) 235-237
  9. Shaheen, Hamayun, Shujaul Mulk Khan, David M. Harper, Zahid Ullah, and Rizwana Allem Qureshi 2011 Species Diversity, Community Structure, and Distribution Patterns in Western Himalayan Alpine Pastures of Kashmir, Pakistan Mountain Research and Development 31(2):153-159
  10. Shi, Suhua,Yaqing Du,D. E. Boufford, Xun Gong, Yelin Huang, Hanghang He & Yang Zhong 2003 Phylogenetic position of Schnabelia, a genus endemic to China: Evidence from sequences of cpDNA matK gene and nrDNA ITS regions Chinese Science Bulletin 48(15) 1576-1580
  11. Shisode, S. B. and D. A. Patil 2011 Taxonomic and phylogenetic census of the Celastrales: A synthetic review Curr. Bot. 2(4): 36-43
  12. Sosnová, Monika, Rudyvan Diggelen, Jitka Klimešová 2010 Distribution of clonal growth forms in wetlands Aquatic Botany 92(1) 33-39
  13. Starr, Forest, Kim Starr, and Lloyd L. Loope 2010 New plant records from the Hawaiian Archipelago Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 107:61-68
  14. Steinmanna, K., H. P. Linder, N. E. Zimmermanna 2009 Modelling plant species richness using functional groups Ecological Modelling 220 962-967
  15. Su, Horng-Jye 2000 Contribution to a revised orchid flora of Taiwan (IV). Taiwania 45(3) 239-248
  16. Tamura, Minoru N., Shingchi Chen and Nicholas J. Turland 2000 A New Combination in Heteropolygonatum (Convallariaceae, Polygonateae) NOVON 10(2): 156-157
  17. Thaman, R. R. and Malosi Samuelu 2016 Vascular Plants, vegetation and ethnobotany of Banaba (Ocean island), Republic of Kiribati Atoll Research Bulletin No. 609
  18. Turner, I. M., Y. W. Low, M. Rodda, K. M. Wong and D. J. Middleton 2018 The plant taxa of H. N. Ridley, 5. The Gentianales Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 70 (2): 307–395
  19. Van der Vossen, H. A. M. and M. Wessel 2000 Plant Resources of South-East Asia Stimulants 16 ISBN 90-5782-053-6
  20. Von Lampe, Maud, Gerd Jünger and Ssabine Tischew 2002 Morphological features of herbaceous perennials causing abundance in lignite mining areas
  21. Wu Ding, Hong Wang,Jin-Mei Lu, De-Zhu Li 2005 Comparative morphology of leaf epidermis in Parnassia (Parnassiaceae) from China Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 43(3): 210–224
  22. Wu, S.-H., C.-H. Hsieh and M. Rejmánek. 2004b. Catalogue of the naturalized flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 49: 16-31.
  23. Wu, Shan-Huah, T. Y. Aleck Yang, Yung-Ching Teng, Chih-Yuan Chang, Kuoh-Cheng Yang and Chang-Fu Hsieh 2010 Insights of the Latest Naturalized Flora of Taiwan : Change in the Past Eight Years Taiwania 55(2): 139-159
  24. Yamashita, Jun and Minoru N. Tamura 2001 Karyotype analysis of two species of the Chinese epiphytic genus Heteropolygonatum (Convallariaceae-Polygonateae) Acta Phytotax Geobot. 51 (2): 147-153
  25. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu and S.-Y. Lu. 1997. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 2: 352. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  26. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu, S.-Y. Lu and B.-L. Shih. 1998. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 3: 392. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  27. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu, S.-Y. Lu and B.-L. Shih. 1999. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 4: 432. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  28. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu and T.-P. Lin. 2001. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 5: 457. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  29. Yang, Yuen-Po and Ho-Yih Liu 2002 Nomenclature Changes for Some Dicots of Taiwan Taiwania 47(2) 175-178
  30. Yang, Yuen-Po, Chun-kuei Liao, Mo-shih Tang, Chih-Kai Yang, Chiou-Yu Yeh 2009 Family and genus flora of Taiwan seed plants. Forestry Bureau, The Council of Agriculture, The Executive Yuan, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China ISBN 978-986-02-2316-3
  31. Yong, Jean W H, Chiou-Rong Sheue 2014 A Comparative Guide to the Asian Mangroves