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Phyllanthaceae Reference

  1. Jung, Ming-Jer and Ching-Long Yeh 2010 Some supplements on the Antidesma pleuricum Tul. (Euphorbiaceae), a neglected species in the Flora of Taiwan Taiwania 55(3): 318-323
  2. Kurosawa, Takahide 2016 Transfer of Japanese Breynia and Glochidion to Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae) J. Jpn. Bot. 91: 118–121
  3. Low, Y. W., P. K. F. Leong, S. P. Tee, Rajesh Singh, M. L. C. Tay and K. M. Wong 2014 Margaritaria (Phyllanthaceae), a new generic record for the Singapore flora Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 66(1) 47–56
  4. Schot, Anne M. 1998 Biogeography of Aporosa (Euphorbiaceae): testing a phylogenetic hypothesis using geology and distribution patterns Biogeography and Geological Evolution of Se Asia 279-290
  5. Schot, Anne Marketta 2004 Systematics of Aporosa (Euphorbiaceae) Blumea Supplement 17
  6. van Welzen, Peter C. 2003 Revision of the Malesian and Thai species of Sauropus (Euphorbiaceae: Phyllanthoideae) Blumea 48(2) 319-391
  7. Wurdack, Kenneth J., Petra Hoffmann, Rosabelle Samuel, Anette de Bruijn, Michelle van der Bank, Mark W. Chase. 2004 Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Phyllanthaceae (Phyllanthoideae pro parte, Euphorbiaceae sensu lato) using plastid RBCL DNA sequences Am J Bot. 91(11): 1882-1900

  1. 李永泉,张奠湘 2007 山地五月茶的蝇类传粉研究 植物分类学报 45(2): 217–226
  2. 李永泉,罗中莱,张奠湘 2007 叶下珠科花粉组织化学、花粉数和胚珠数及其与传粉者关系的研究 生物多样性 15(6): 645–651

Glochidion Reference

  1. Chia, Edmund J. J., Z. Y. Ooi, H. K. Lua, Adrian H. B. Loo, W. F. Ang, K. H. Ong and K. M. Wong 2017 Glochidion obscurum Bl. (Phyllanthaceae), a new record for Singapore NATURE IN SINGAPORE 10: 49–53
  2. Kurosawa, Takahide 2016 Transfer of Japanese Breynia and Glochidion to Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae) J. Jpn. Bot. 91: 118–121
  3. Rao, M. Sankara, J. Swamy. S. Nagaraju,S. B. Padal,M. Tarakeswara Naidu, K. Chandramohan, T. Thulasiah 2016 Glochidion talakonense sp. nov. (Phyllanthaceae) from Seshachalam Biosphere Reserve, Andhra Pradesh, India Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 23 (1): 59-63
  4. Rasingam, L., Alok R. Chorghe, P.V. Prasanna and M. Sankara Rao 2014 Glochidion tirupathiense (Phyllanthaceae) ─ A New Species from Seshachalam Biosphere Reserve of Andhra Pradesh, India Taiwania 59 (1): 9–12
  5. Yao, Gang and Dian-Xiang Zhang 2013 Reinstatement of three names in Glochidion (Phyllanthaceae) based on morphological and palynological evidence Nordic Journal of Botany 31: 001–007
  6. Yao, Gang and Dianxiang Zhang 2015 Taxonomic notes on Glochidion acuminatum and G. triandrum (Phyllanthaceae) Phytotaxa 236 (1):79-85
  7. Yao, Gang, Zhuqiu Song, Youheng Wu, Nguyen Thi Kim Thanh, Yuling Li, Shi Shi and Shixiao Luo 2018 Taxonomic studies of Glochidion (Phyllanthaceae) from the Indo-China Peninsula (II): The identities of G. anamiticum and G. annamense PhytoKeys 114: 1–9

  1. 呂福原、許媖素 2003 臺灣大戟科之一新種-卵葉饅頭果 林業研究季刊 25(4): 83-86
  2. 許媖素、呂福原、鄧書麟、廖政麒 2006 台灣饅頭果屬植物 (大戟科) 之分類研究 林業研究季刊 28(3) 49-68

Phyllanthus Reference

  1. Bouman, R. W., P. J. A. Keβler, I. R. H. Telford, J. J. Bruhl, P. C. van Welzen 2018 Subgeneric delimitation of the plant genus Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae) Blumea 63 : 167–198
  2. Chen, Shih-Huei and Ming-Jou Wu 1997 A revision of the Herbaceous Phyllanthus L. (Euphorbiaceae) in Taiwan. Taiwania 42(3) 239-261
  3. da Silva, Marcos José and Margareth Ferreira de Sales 2008 Sinopse do gênero Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae) no Nordeste do Brasil Rodriguésia 59(2) 477-422
  4. Esser, Hans-Joachim 2002 A revision of Triadica Lour. (Euphorbiaceae) Harvard Papers in Botany 7(1): 17-21
  5. Jayasinha, Purniam 1999 Pitawakka-Phyllanthus debilis Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Series No. 10 ISBN 955-8394-07-06
  6. Raju, Vatsavaya S., S. Suthari, A. Ragan 2011 The identity and occurrence of Phyllanthus hookeri Muell.-Arg. and P. nozeranii Rossignol & Haicour (Euphorbiaceae) in India Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 18 (1): 57-63
  7. Rossignol, L., M. Rossignol and R. Haicour 1987 A Systematic Revision of Phyllanthus Subsection Urinaria (Euphorbiaceae) American Journal of Botany 74(12) 1853-1862
  8. Silva, Marcos José da and Margareth Ferreira de Sales 2007 Phyllanthus L. (Phyllanthaceae) em Pernambucao, Brasil Acta Bot. Bras. 21 (1): 79-98.
  9. Theerakulpisut, Piyada, Nanawapee Kanawapee, Duangkamol Maensiri, Sumontip Bunnag and Pranom Chantaranothai 2008 Development of species-specific SCAR markers for identification of three medicinal species of Phyllanthus Journal of Systematics and Evolution 46(4): 614–621
  10. Webster, Grady L. 1970 A revision of Phyllanthus (Euphorbiaceae) in the continental United States Brittonia 22 44-76
  11. Webster, Grady L. 1986 A Revision of Phyllanthus (Euphorbiaceae) in Eastern Melanesia Pacific Science 40 1-4

  1. 胡喻华 2006 叶下珠属植物新资料 华南农业大学学报 27(2) 121-124
  2. 韦仲新、丘华兴、周丽华 2002 大戟科叶下珠属花粉形态的研究 云南植物研究 24(2) 253-259


Web Link

  1. Department of Botany & the U.S. National Herbarium 2017 The Plant Press vol 20 (2) Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
  2. International Association for Vegetation Science 2009 Vegetation Processes and Human Impact in a Changing World 52nd INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM
  3. 17th International Workshop European Vegetation Survey 2008 Using phytosociological data to address ecological questions Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic

Books and Journals


  1. Arora, R. K. 2014 Diversity in underutilized plant species - an Asia-Pacific perspective Bioversity International
  2. Azan, Shakira Stephanie Elaine 2011Invasive aquatic plants and the aquarium and ornamental pond industries Theses and dissertations Ryerson University P. 818
  3. Chen, Xin, Hai He and Li-Bing Zhang 2015 A monograph of the Anisophylleaceae (Cucurbitales) with description of 18 new species of Anisophyllea Phytotaxa 229 (1):1-189
  4. Chiou, Chyi-Rong, Guo-Zhang Michael Song, Jui-Han Chien, Chang-Fu Hsieh, Jenn Che Wang, Ming-Yih Chen, Ho-Yih Liu, Ching-Long Yeh, Yue-Joe Hsia, and Tze-Ying Chen 2010 Altitudinal distribution patterns of plant species in Taiwan are mainly determined by the northeast monsoon rather than the heat retention mechanism of Massenerhebung Botanical Studies 51: 89-97
  5. Cornelissen, Johannes H. C., Yao-Bin Song, Fei-Hai, Yu Ming Dong 2014 Plant traits and ecosystem effects of clonality: a new research agenda Annals of Botany 114: 369–376
  6. Dai Chang-Feng et. 2008 The Research of Natural Resources of the Three Northern Islets Taiwanese Coral Feef Society Marine National Park
  7. Duke, Norman C., Jock Mackenzie, Apanie Wood 2012 A revision of mangrove plants of the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Samoa Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research
  8. Eckert, Christopher G. 1999 Clonal plant research: proliferation, integration, but not much evolution Am. J. Bot. 86(11) 1649-1654
  9. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1994 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume one, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-52-5
  10. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1996 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Two, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  11. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1993 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Three, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  12. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1998 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Four, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  13. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 2000 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Five, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  14. Endress, Peter K. 2010 The evolution of floral biology in basal angiosperms Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 365(1539): 411–421
  15. Gradstein, S. Robbert, Jürgen Homeier and Dirk Gansert 2008 The Tropical Mountain Forest Patterns and Processes in a Biodiversity Hotspot Biodiversity and Ecology Series 2
  16. Giesen, Wim Stephan Wulffraat, Max Zieren and Liesbeth Scholten 2006 Mangrove Guidebook for Southeast Asia FAO and Wetlands International ISBN: 974-7946-85-8
  17. Grande, J. R., J. Kallunki, M. M. Arbo, P. E. Berry, O. Huber and R. Riina 2012 Botanical novelties from Sierra de Maigualida, southern Venezuela II. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 69(1): 7-19
  18. Herben, Tomáš, Zuzana Nováková, Jitka Klimešová 2014 Clonal growth and plant species abundance Annals of Botany 114: 377–388
  19. Hsieh, Chang-Fu 1989 Structure and Floristic Composition of the Beech Forest in Taiwan Taiwania 34(1) 28-44
  20. Kaufmann, Eva 2003 Southeast Asian Ant-Gardens- Diversity, ecology, ecosystematic significance, and evolution of mutualistic ant-epiphyte associations - Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
  21. Keng, Hsuan 1973 Nomenclatural Notes on Wu P'I Ch'a or the Black-barked Tea Plant Taiwania 18(1) 55-56
  22. Kitamura 1941 An Enureration of Compositae of Formosa Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica 10(1) 15-33
  23. Klimešová, Jitka, Jiří Doležal and Marek Sammul 2011 Evolutionary and organismic constraints on the relationship between spacer length and environmental conditions in clonal plants Oikos 120: 1110–1120
  24. Kron, Kathleen A. 1996 Phylogenetic Relationships of Empetraceae, Epacridaceae, Ericaceae, Monotropaceae, and Pyrolaceae: Evidence from Nuclear Ribosomal 18s Sequence Data Ann. Bot. 77(4): 293-303
  25. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng, Gow-Ing Liao and Ming-Yih Chen 1999 Two New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 44(4) 514-519
  26. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng and Chih-Hui Chen 2000 New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 45(4) 328-333
  27. Liu, Y. C. and C. H. Ou 1974 New additions to the flora of Taiwan. Quarterly journal of Chinese forestry 7(4): 150-151.
  28. Löve, Áskell and Ebba Kjellqvist 1974 Cytotaxonomy of Spanish plants. III Dicotyledons: Salicaceae-Rosaceae Lagascalia 4(1): 3-32


  1. Ma, Jin-Shuang 2010 Nomenclatural notes on alien vascular plants in north american originated from east asia Acta Botanica Yunnanica 32(1): 14-24
  2. Nandi, Owi I., Mark W. Chase and Peter K. Endress 1998 A Combined Cladistic Analysis of Angiosperms Using rbcL and Non-Molecular Data Sets Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 85 (1) 137-214
  3. Newman, Mark,Sounthone Ketphanh, Bouakhaykhone Svengsuksa, Philip Thomas, Khamphone Sengdala, Vichith Lamxay, Kate Armstrong 2007 A Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Lao PDR Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh ISBN 978-1-906129-04-0
  4. Ohashi, Hiroyoshi 2009 Bunzo Hayata and His Contributions to the Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 54(1) 1-27
  5. Peng, Ching-I 1978 Some new records for the Flora of Taiwan Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 19(1) 83-86
  6. Peng Ching-I, Shiou-Fen Yen and Ji-Yui Guo 1986 Notes on the Chromosome Cytology of Some Rare, Threatened, or Endangered Plants of Taiwan (I) Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 27(2): 219-235
  7. Qiu, Yin-Long, Olena Dombrovska, Jungho Lee, Libo Li, Barbara A. Whitlock, Fabiana Bernasconi-Quadroni, Joshua S. Rest, et al. 2005. Phylogenetic analyses of basal angiosperms based on nine plastid, mitochondrial, and nuclear genes. International Journal of Plant Sciences 166(5): 815-842.
  8. Severinghaus, Sheldon and Charles E. DeVol 1974 Note on the distribution of Taiwan Beech Taiwania 19(2) 235-237
  9. Shaheen, Hamayun, Shujaul Mulk Khan, David M. Harper, Zahid Ullah, and Rizwana Allem Qureshi 2011 Species Diversity, Community Structure, and Distribution Patterns in Western Himalayan Alpine Pastures of Kashmir, Pakistan Mountain Research and Development 31(2):153-159
  10. Shi, Suhua,Yaqing Du,D. E. Boufford, Xun Gong, Yelin Huang, Hanghang He & Yang Zhong 2003 Phylogenetic position of Schnabelia, a genus endemic to China: Evidence from sequences of cpDNA matK gene and nrDNA ITS regions Chinese Science Bulletin 48(15) 1576-1580
  11. Shisode, S. B. and D. A. Patil 2011 Taxonomic and phylogenetic census of the Celastrales: A synthetic review Curr. Bot. 2(4): 36-43
  12. Sosnová, Monika, Rudyvan Diggelen, Jitka Klimešová 2010 Distribution of clonal growth forms in wetlands Aquatic Botany 92(1) 33-39
  13. Starr, Forest, Kim Starr, and Lloyd L. Loope 2010 New plant records from the Hawaiian Archipelago Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 107:61-68
  14. Steinmanna, K., H. P. Linder, N. E. Zimmermanna 2009 Modelling plant species richness using functional groups Ecological Modelling 220 962-967
  15. Su, Horng-Jye 2000 Contribution to a revised orchid flora of Taiwan (IV). Taiwania 45(3) 239-248
  16. Tamura, Minoru N., Shingchi Chen and Nicholas J. Turland 2000 A New Combination in Heteropolygonatum (Convallariaceae, Polygonateae) NOVON 10(2): 156-157
  17. Thaman, R. R. and Malosi Samuelu 2016 Vascular Plants, vegetation and ethnobotany of Banaba (Ocean island), Republic of Kiribati Atoll Research Bulletin No. 609
  18. Turner, I. M., Y. W. Low, M. Rodda, K. M. Wong and D. J. Middleton 2018 The plant taxa of H. N. Ridley, 5. The Gentianales Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 70 (2): 307–395
  19. Van der Vossen, H. A. M. and M. Wessel 2000 Plant Resources of South-East Asia Stimulants 16 ISBN 90-5782-053-6
  20. Von Lampe, Maud, Gerd Jünger and Ssabine Tischew 2002 Morphological features of herbaceous perennials causing abundance in lignite mining areas
  21. Wu Ding, Hong Wang,Jin-Mei Lu, De-Zhu Li 2005 Comparative morphology of leaf epidermis in Parnassia (Parnassiaceae) from China Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 43(3): 210–224
  22. Wu, S.-H., C.-H. Hsieh and M. Rejmánek. 2004b. Catalogue of the naturalized flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 49: 16-31.
  23. Wu, Shan-Huah, T. Y. Aleck Yang, Yung-Ching Teng, Chih-Yuan Chang, Kuoh-Cheng Yang and Chang-Fu Hsieh 2010 Insights of the Latest Naturalized Flora of Taiwan : Change in the Past Eight Years Taiwania 55(2): 139-159
  24. Yamashita, Jun and Minoru N. Tamura 2001 Karyotype analysis of two species of the Chinese epiphytic genus Heteropolygonatum (Convallariaceae-Polygonateae) Acta Phytotax Geobot. 51 (2): 147-153
  25. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu and S.-Y. Lu. 1997. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 2: 352. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  26. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu, S.-Y. Lu and B.-L. Shih. 1998. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 3: 392. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  27. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu, S.-Y. Lu and B.-L. Shih. 1999. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 4: 432. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  28. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu and T.-P. Lin. 2001. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 5: 457. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  29. Yang, Yuen-Po and Ho-Yih Liu 2002 Nomenclature Changes for Some Dicots of Taiwan Taiwania 47(2) 175-178
  30. Yang, Yuen-Po, Chun-kuei Liao, Mo-shih Tang, Chih-Kai Yang, Chiou-Yu Yeh 2009 Family and genus flora of Taiwan seed plants. Forestry Bureau, The Council of Agriculture, The Executive Yuan, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China ISBN 978-986-02-2316-3
  31. Yong, Jean W H, Chiou-Rong Sheue 2014 A Comparative Guide to the Asian Mangroves