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India Tour

  1. Zangla - Khalsi - Wandermap - Your hiking routes online
  2. Jammu and Kashmir
  3. Zanskar Trek Tours
  4. Dreamland Trek & Tour
  6. Lama Sonam Wangchuk
  7. Adventure Geo Treks
  8. Indian cuisine
  9. Dal
  10. Garam masala
  11. Mughal gardens / Gardens in India
  12. Mughal Empire
  13. Erosion, Himalayan Geodynamics, and the Geomorphology of Metamorphism
  14. Himalayas – Glaciers, Valleys, Snowline


  1. Eakins, Nicholas 2010 Exploring Ladakh Markha Valley Trekking and Homestay Guide Hanish & Co ISBN 978-81-7927-004-2


  1. Ahmed, Tanveer, Mohammad Shoeb, Pankaj Chandan, Afifullah Khan 2016 On the status of the Long-tailed Marmot Marmota caudata (Mammalia: Rodentia: Sciuridae) in Kargil, Ladakh (Indian Trans-Himalaya) Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(9): 9171–9176
  2. British Exploring Society 2014 Ladakh Indian Himalaya Science Report 2014 British Exploring Society
  3. British Exploring Society 2015 Indian Himalaya Expedition Science Report 2015 British Exploring Society
  4. Kotliam Bahadur singh, Ingelore Hinz-Schallreuter, Roger Schalitruter and Jurgen Schwarz 1998 Evolution of Lamayuru palaeolake in the Trans Himalaya: Palaeoecological implications Eiszeitalter u. Gegenwart 48 177-191
  5. Rana, Man S. and S. S Samant 2011 Diversity, indigenous uses and conservation status of medicinal plants in Manali wildlife sanctuary, North western Himalaya Indian J. Traditional Knowledge 10 (3) 439-459
  6. Zeitler, P. K., A. S. Meltzer, Peter O. Koons, David Craw, Bernard Hallet, C. Page Chamberlain, William S. F. Kidd, Strphen K. Park, Leonardo Seeber, Michael Bishop and John Shroder 2001 Erosion, Himalayan geodynamics, and the geomorphology of metamorphism GSA Today 11 4-9

Plant Web

  1. Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute 2012-2014 Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden Annual Report
  2. WILDLIFE INSTITUTE OF INDIA 2008 Special Habitats and Threatened Plants of India 11 (1)
  3. HIMALAYAN FOREST RESEARCH INSTITUTE Initiatives and Achievements in the Cold Deserts of Himachal Pradesh & Jammu & Kashmir
  4. WILDLIFE INSTITUTE OF INDIA 2008 Special Habitats and Threatened Plants of India
  6. Plant diversity and angiosperms in india - UK Essays
  7. Dash, S. S. and P. Singh Trees of Sikkim Sikkim Forest Department


  1. Polunin, Oleg and Adam Stainton 1997 Flowers of the Himalaya (Oxford India Paperbacks) Softcover, Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-564187-6


  1. Ahmad, Suheel, J. P. Singh and D. K. Verma 2015 Inventory of important fodder plants of Ladakh Himalaya Grassland resources
  2. Bano, Roohi and M. Qaiser 2011 A taxonomic revisopn of the genus Lactuca L. (Cichorieae-Asteraceae) from Pakistan and Kashmir Pak. J. Bot 43(5) 2259-2268
  3. Bhattacharyya, Debjyoti 2011 Rhododendron Species and Their Uses with Special Reference to Himalayas – A Review Biological and Environmental Sciences 7 (1) 161-167
  4. Bhellum, B. L. 2014 Campus flora of Amar Singh College, Srinagar (Kashmir), india: a checklist India J. Biol. Earth Sci. 4(1): B72- B82
  5. Biswas, Sas. and S. Showkat Hussain Livelihood studies on willow Dependent Communities of Indian Trans Himalayan Region with Emphasis on Sustainable Management of Bioresource and Better Well Being Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education
  6. Borah, Rajib Lochan 2014 An updated account of the name changes of the dicotyledonous plant species included in the vol: I (1934-36) & vol: II (1938) of "Flora of Assam" Plant Archives 14 (1): 87-96
  7. Chawla. Amit, S. Rajkumar, K. N. Singh, Brij Lal and R. D. Singh 2008 Plant species diversity along an altitudinal gradient of Bhabha Valley in Western Himalaya J. Mt. Sci. 5: 157–177
  8. Chawla. Amit, Om Parkash, Varun Sharma, S. Rajkumar, Brij Lal, Gopichand, R.D. Singh and A. K. Thukral 2012 Vascular plants, Kinnaur, Himachal Pradesh, India Check List 8(3): 321-348,
  9. Chundawat, Raghunandan Singh 1992 Ecological studies of snow leopard and its associated prey species in Hemis high altitude national park, Ladakh UNIVERSITY OF RAJASTHAN Ph.D.
  10. Dad, Javaid M. and Zafar A. Reshi 2015 Floristic composition and diversity patterns of vascular plants in mountain meadow of Gurez valley, Kashmir, India Taiwania 60(1): 8‒17
  11. Dar, A. R., G. H. Dar and Zafar Reshi 2006 Recovery and restoration of some critically endangered endemic angiosperms of the Kashmir Himalaya [J. Biol. Sci.] 6 (6) 985-991
  12. Dar, G. H. and A. A. Khuroo 2013 Floristic Diversity in the Kashmir Himalaya: Progress, Problems and Prospects (Kepelbagaian Flora di Himalaya Kshmir: Kemajuan, Masalah dan Prospek) Sains Malaysiana 42 (10): 1377–1386
  13. Dar, Gh. Hassan, Akhtar H. Malik and Anzar A. Khuroo 2014 A Contribution to the Flora of Rajouri and Poonch Districts in the Pir Panjal Himalaya (Jammu & Kashmir), India Check List 10(2): 317–328
  14. de Bello, Francesco, Jiří Doležal, Carlo Ricotta and Jitka Klimešová 2011 Plant clonal traits, coexistence and turnover in East Ladakh, Trans-Himalaya Preslia 83: 315–327
  15. Deshmukh, P. and S. Jain 2016 Assessment of floristic diversity in miyar valley of Lahaul and Spiti dsitrict, Himachal pradesh, India Journal of Global Resources 2 90-95
  16. Devi, Usha, M. K. Seth, Pankaj Sharma and J. C. Rana 2013 Study on ethnomedicinal plants of Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary : A cold desert in Trans Himalaya, India Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 7(47) 3400-3419
  17. Dolezal, Jiri, Miroslav Dvorsky, Martin Kopecky, Pierre Liancourt, Inga Hiiesalu, Martin Macek, Jan Altman, Zuzana Chlumska, Klara Rehakova, Katerina Capkova, Jakub Borovec, Ondrej Mudrak, Jan Wild & Fritz Schweingruber 2016 Vegetation dynamics at the upper elevational limit of vascular plants in Himalaya Scientific Reports 6 24881 1-13
  18. Durani, P. K. , Gurcharan Singh and P. Kachroo 1975 Phytosociological studies on the vegetation of Ladakh desert Annals Aid Zone 14 (2) 75-86
  19. Dvorský, Miroslav, Jiří Doležal, F. de Bello, Jitka Klimešová and L. Klimeš 2010 Vegetation types of East Ladakh: Species and growth form composition along main environmental gradients Applied Vegetation Science 132-147
  20. Dvorský, Miroslav 2014 Ecology of alpine plants in NW Himalaya Ph.D. Thesis No. 2. University of South Bohemia, Faculty of Science, School of Doctoral Studies in Biological Sciences, České Budějovice, Czech Republic, 196 pp
  21. Dvorský, Miroslav, Jan Altman, Martin Kopecký, Zuzana Chlumská, Klára Řeháková, Kateřina Janatková and Jiří Doležal 2015 Vascular plants at extreme elevations in eastern Ladakh, northwest Himalayas Plant Ecology & Diversity 8(4): 1-14
  22. Eberhardt, Einar , W. B. Dickoré and G. Miehe 2007 Vegetation map of the Batura Valley ( Hunza Karakorum, North Pakistan) Band 61 93-112
  23. Gairola, Sanjay R. S. Rawal and N. P. Todaria 2008 Forest vegetation patterns along an altitudinal gradient in sub-alpine zone of west Himalaya, India African Journal of Plant Science 2(6): 42-48
  24. Gairola, Sanjay, Ranbeer S. Rawal and N. P. Todaria 2015 Effect of anthropogenic disturbance on vegetation characteristics of sub-alpine forests in and around Valley of Flowers National Park, a world heritage site of India Tropical Ecology 56(3): 357-365
  25. Gairola, Sumeet, Jyotsana Sharma and Yashbir Singh Bedi 2014 A cross-cultural analysis of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh (India) medicinal plant use Journal of Ethnopharmacology 155 925–986
  26. Hartmann, Hans A summarizing report on the phytosociological and floristical explorations (1976–1997) in Ladakh (India)
  27. Isebrands, J. G. and J. Richardson 2014 Poplars and Willows Trees for Society and the Environment
  28. Joshi, P. K., G. S. Rawat, H. Padilya and P. S. Roy 2006 Biodiversity characterization in Nubra Valley, Ladakh with special reference to plant resource conservation and bioprospecting Biodiversity and Conservation 15 4253-4270
  29. Kala, Chandra Prakash 2005 Health traditions of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India Current Science 8 1331-1338
  30. Kapur, S. K., A. K. Shahi, Y. K. Sarin and D. E. Moerman 1992 The medicinal flora of Majouri-Kirchi forests (Jammu and Kashmir State), India J Ethnopharmacol 36(1): 87-90.
  31. Khan, Mahroof and Shokit Hussain 2014 Diversity of wild edible plants and flowering phenology of district poonch (J & K) in the Northest Himalaya Indian J. Sci. Res. 9 (1): 32-38
  32. Khuroo, Anzar Ahmad, Irfan Rashid, Zafar Reshi, G. H. Dar, B. A. Wafai 2007The alien flora of Kashmir Himalaya Biol Invasions 9:269–292
  33. Khuroo, Anzar A., Ewald Weber, Akhtar H. Malik, G. H. Dar and Zafar A. Reshi 2010 Taxonomic and biogeographic patterns in the native and alien woody flora of Kashmir Himalaya, India Nordic Journal of Botany 28: 685-696
  34. Klimeš, Leoš & Bernhard Dickoré 2005 A contribution to the vascular plant flora of Lower Ladakh (Jammu & Kashmir, India) Willdenowia 35 125-153
  35. Klimešová, Jitka, Jiří Doležal, Miroslav Dvorský, Francesco de Bello and Leoš Klimeš 2010 Clonal Growth Forms in Eastern Ladakh, Western Himalayas: Classification and Habitat Preferences Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  36. Kumar, Amit, Monideepa Mitra, Bhupendra S. Adhikari and Gopal S. Rawat 2016 Flora of Niti Valley: a cold arid region of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, Western Himalaya, India Check List 12(1): 1824
  37. Kumar, Anil, Ramphool Puniya, Jai Kumar and Amit Gupta 2018 Major weeds and their management in Jammu and Kashmir International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies 5 (3): 81-94
  38. Kumar, G. Phani, Raj Kumar, O. P. Chaurasia and Shashi Bala Singh 2011 Current status and potential prospects of medicinal plant sector in trans-Himalayan Ladakh [Journal of Medicinal Plants Research] 5(14): 2929-2940
  39. Kumar, Jitendra, Gyan P. Mishra, Pradeep K. Naik, Ashutosh A. Murkute and Ravi B. Srivastava1 2011 Genomic DNA isolation from Artemisia species grown in cold desert high altitude of India African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 10(37) 7303-7307
  40. Kumara, Pal Dinesh, Kumar Amit, Dutt Bhupender, Sharma Sachin 2015 Ethnobotanical Knowledge and Usage of Wild Plants in Theog Forest Division, Himachal Pradesh, North Western Himalaya Photon 124 922-935
  41. Mughal, Rani, Akhtar H. MaliK, G. H. Dar and Anzar A. Khuroo 2017 Woody Flora of Poonch District in Pir Panjal Himalaya (Jammu & Kashmir), India Pleione 11 (2): 367 - 388. 2017
  42. Namtak, Stanzin and Ramesh C Sharma 2018 Medicinal plant resources in Skuru watershed of Karakoram wildlife sanctuary and their uses in traditional medicines system of Ladakh, India Int J Complement Alt Med. 11 (5): 294‒302
  43. Negi, Pitamber Singh, Surulibommu Pandian Subramani 2015 Wild edible plant genetic resources for sustainable food security and livelihood of Kinnaur district, Himachal Pradesh, India International Journal of Conservation Science 657-668
  44. Omer, saood, M. Qaiser amd S. I. Ali 1988 Studies in the Family Gentianaceae: The genus aloitis Rafin. from Pakistan and Kashmir Pak. J. Bot. 20(2) :153-160
  45. Pal, Murugan M., Raj. X. Janifer, Kumar G. Phani,Sunil Gupta and Shashi Bala Singh 2010 Phytofoods of Nubra valley, Ladakh –The cold desert Indian T. Traditional Knowledge 9(2) 303-308
  46. Purohit, Chandan Singh 2014 Rhododendron arboreum Sm. - An Economically Important Tree of Sikkim Popular Kheti 2 (3) 193-198
  47. Ragavan, P., Alok Saxena, R.S.C. Jayaraj, P. M. Mohan, K. Ravichandran, S. Saravanan and A. Vijararaghavan 2016 A review of the mangrove floristics of India Taiwania 61(3) 224‒242
  48. Rai, Upakar and Abhaya Prasad Das 2008 Diversity of Trees in the Darjiling Foothill Region of Eastern Himalaya NBU J. Plant Sci. 2: 39-57
  49. Raman, Moham E. 2015 Group association, biological dispersion and differing qualities of trees and Shrubs in Selected ranges of Branwar Forest of Kashmir Himalaya African Journal of Ecology and Ecosystems 2(3) 123 -127
  50. Rana, Suresh Kumar and Gopal Singh Rawat 2017 Database of Himalayan plants based on published floras during a century Data 2 36
  51. Rawat, Gopal S. and Bhupendra S. Adhikari 2005 Floristics and Distribution of Plant Communities across Moisture and Topographic Gradients in Tso Kar Basin, Changthang Plateau, Eastern Ladakh Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 37(4):539-544.
  52. Rawat, G. S. (ed.) 2008 Special Habitats and Threatened Plants of India ENVIS Bulletin: Wildlife and Protected Areas 11(1). Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, India. pp. 239.
  53. Rawat, Yashwant Singh and Subhash C. R. Vishvakarma 2007 Contribution of willow in meeting bio-resources needs and land restoration in cold desert of the Lahaul valley, North-Western Himalaya, India ISEST Ecosystem Restoration 23-33
  54. Samant, S. S., Shreekar Pant, Man Singh, Manohar Lal, Ashok Singh, Aman Sharma and Sakshi Bhandari 2007 Medicinal plants in Himachal Pradesh, north western Himalaya, India International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management 3 234–251
  55. Sekar, K. Chandra and Sunil Kumar Srivastava 2010 Rhododendrons in Indian Himalayan Region: Diversity and Conservation American Journal of Plant Sciences 1 131-137
  56. Sekar, K. Chandra 2012 Invasive Alien Plants of Indian Himalayan Region - Diversity and Implication American Journal of Plant Sciences 3 (2): 177-184
  57. Seybold, S. and Kull U. 1985 A contribution to the floristics and vegetation of Zanskar (Kashmir) Bot.Jahrb. Syst. 105: 263-277
  58. Shabir, Mohd, J. K. Tiwari and Priyanka Agnihotri 2018 Bio-Cultural Diversity of Kargil District (J&K), with Special References to Ethno-Botany Angiosperm Systematics: Recent Trends and Emerging Issues ISBN: 978-81-211-0981-9
  59. Shah, N. C. 2013 The Economic and Medicinal Artemisia species in India. The Scitech Journal Vol 01 (01):29-38
  60. Sharma, Parveen Kumar, Surender Kumar Thakur, S. Manuja, R. K. Rana, Pardeep Kumar, Sanjay Sharma, Jagdish Chand, Ashok Singh, Krishan Kumar Katoch 2011 Observations on Traditional Phytotherapy among the Inhabitants of Lahaul Valley through Amchi System of Medicine—A Cold Desert Area of Himachal Pradesh in North Western Himalayas, India Chinese Medicine 2 93-102
  61. Sharma, Pankaj, J. C. Rana, Usha Devi, S. S. Randhawa and Rajesh Kumar 2014 Floristic diversity and distribution pattern of plant communities along altitudinal gradient in Sangla Valley, Northwest Himalaya The Scientific World Journal 2014 11P
  62. Singh, Anurudh K. 2009 Probable agricultural biodiversity heritage sites in India: I. The cold-arid region of Ladakh and adjacent areas Asian Agri-History 13 (2):83-100
  63. Singh, K. K. , L. K. Rai and B. Gurung 2009 Conservation of Rhododendrons in Sikkim Himalaya: An Overview World J. Agricultural Sci. 5 (3) 284-296
  64. Singh, Paramjit and M. Sanjappa Flowering Plants of Sikkim - an analysis
  65. Singh, S. K. and G. S. Rawat 1999 Floral Diversity and Vegetation Structure in Great Himalayan National Park, Western Himalaya FREEP-GHNP Research Project P. 125
  66. Stewart, Ralph Randles 1916 The Flora of Ladak, Western Tibet. II. List of Ladak Plants Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 43 (12) 625-650
  67. Srivastava, Devendra Kumar and Manjit Inder Singh Saggoo 2015-16 Few medicinal plants of family Labiatae and Scrophulariaceae in the high altitude cold desert areas of Lahaul-Spiti and its adjoining areas of Himachal Pradesh (India) INSIGHT 2 75-81
  68. Srivastava, Sunil Kumar 2010 Floristic diversity and conservation strategies in cold desert of western Himalaya, India Botanica Orientalis 7:18-25
  69. Stewart, Ralph Randles 1916 The Flora of Ladak, Western Tibet. I. Discussion of the Flora Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 43(11) 571-590
  70. Wani, N. R. and A. H. Mughal 2012 Studies on vegetation analysis of the afforested bank of Manasbal Lake, Kashmir-India J. of Horticulture, Forestry and Biotechnology 16(2) 35-38
  71. Yashwant S. Rawat, Santaram S. Oinam, Subhash C. R. Vishvakarma, Chandra P. Kuniyal and Jagdish C. Kuniyal 2006 Willow (Salix fragilis Linn.): A Multipurpose Tree Species under Pest Attack in the Cold Desert of Lahaul Valley, Northwestern Himalaya, India AMBIO 35(1):43-48
  72. Yonzone, Rajendra, D. Lama, R. B. Bhujel and Samuel Rai Orchid species diversity of Darjeeling Himalaya of India J. of Pharm. & Life Sci. (IJPLS) 3 (3) 1533-1550