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Acer insulare Makino var. caudatifolium (Hayata) S. Y. Lu & Y. P. Yang
Acer insulare Makino var. insulare
Acer albopurpurascens Hayata
Acer buergerianum Miq var. formosanum (Hayata) Sasaki


  1. Acer amamiense T. Yamaz.
  2. Acer buergerianum Miq.
  3. Acer buergerianum Miq. subsp. ningpoense (Hance) A. E. Murray
  4. Acer campestre L.
  5. Acer carpinifolium Siebold & Zucc.
  6. Acer caudatifolium Hayata
  7. Acer circinatum Pursh
  8. Acer coriaceifolium H. Lév.
  9. Acer crassum Hu & W. C. Cheng
  10. Acer davidii Franch.
  11. Acer davidii Franch. subsp. grosseri (Pax) P. C. DeJong
  12. Acer diabolicum Blume ex K. Koch
  13. Acer fabri Hance
  14. Acer japonicum Thunb.
  15. Acer laurinum Hassk.
  16. Acer macrophyllum Pursh
  17. Acer micranthum Siebold & Zucc.
  18. Acer morifolium Koidz.
  19. Acer negundo L.
  20. Acer oliverianum Pax
  21. Acer oliverianum Pax subsp. formosanum (Koidz.) A. E. Murray
  22. Acer palmatum Thunb.
  23. Acer palmatum Thunb. subsp. amoenum (Carrière) H. Hara
  24. Acer palmatum Thunb. f. latilobatum (Koidz.) Ohwi
  25. Acer palmatum Thunb. subsp. matsumurae Koidz.
  26. Acer pictum Thunb.
  27. Acer pilosum Maxim.
  28. Acer platanoides L.
  29. Acer pseudoplatanus L.
  30. Acer pseudosieboldianum (Pax) Kom.
  31. Acer rufinerve Siebold & Zucc.
  32. Acer shirasawanum Koidz.
  33. Acer sikkimense Miq.
  34. Acer tataricum L.
  35. Acer tataricum L. subsp. aidzuense (Franch.) P.C.DeJong
  36. Acer tataricum L. subsp. ginnala (Maxim.) Wesm.
  37. Acer tataricum L. subsp. semenovii (Regel & Herder) A. E. Murray
  38. Acer tataricum L. subsp. theiferum (W. P. Fang) Y.S.Chen & P. C. de Jong
  39. Acer tonkinense Lecomte
  40. Acer tonkinense Lecomte subsp. liquidambarifolium (Hu & W. C. Cheng) W. P. Fang
  41. Acer truncatum Bunge
  42. Acer tutcheri Duthie
  43. Acer yangbiense Y. S. Chen & Q. E. Yang


Sapindaceae Reference

  1. Buerki, Sven, C. Davidson, J. T. Pereira and M. W. Callmander 2013 A new species of Trigonachras (Sapindaceae) endemic from Sabah, Malaysia (Borneo). Phytotaxa 88 (2): 19-24
  2. Hsu, Tsai-Wen, Yu-Chung Chiang, Ho-Yih Liu, Tzen-Yuh Chiang 2012 Soapberries belonging to the genus Cardiospermum L. (Sapindaceae) from Taiwan TW J. of Biodivers. 14(1-2): 81-88
  3. Leenhouts, P. W. 1969 Florae Malesianae Praecursores L. A revision of Lepisanthes (Sapindaceae) [Blumea] XVII (1): 33-91
  4. Turland, Nicholas J. and Nianhe Xia 2005 A New Combination in Chinese Aesculus (Hippocastanaceae) NOVON 15: 488–489

  1. 李明芳,郑学勤 2004 荔枝SSR标记的研究 遗传 26(6): 911-916
  2. 宁熙平,吴鸿 2006 荔枝花蜜腺的结构发育特点及其生物学意义 植物分类学报 44(5): 523–537
  3. 曹丽敏、夏念和 2008 中国无患子科的叶表皮特征及其系统学意义 云南植物研究 30(4): 405-421

Acer Reference

  1. Chang, Chin-Sung and Kwang-Bok Woo 2011 A New Taxonomic Treatment for the Acer duplicatoserratum Complex (Aceraceae) in China and Taiwan J. Jpn. Bot. 86: 219–224
  2. Chen, Yousheng, Qiner Yang and Guanghua Zhu 2003 Acer yangbiense (Aceraceae), a New Species from Yunnan, China Novon 13(3) 296-299
  3. Grimm, Guido W., Susanne S. Renner, Alexandros Stamatakis, and Vera Hemleben 2006 A nuclear ribosomal DNA phylogeny of Acer Inferred with maximum likelihood, splits graphs, and motif analysis of 606 sequences Evol Bioinform Online 2: 7-22
  4. Kerr, Gary and John Niles 1998 Growth and provenance of Norway maple ( Acer platanoides ) in lowland Britain Forestry 71(3): 219–224
  5. Khushalani, Ishwari 1963 Floral morphology and embryology of Acer oblongum Phyton 10:275-284
  6. Li, Hui-Lin 1952 The Genus Acer (Maples) in Formosa and the Liukiu [Ryukyu] Islands Pacific Science 6(4): 288-294.
  7. Li, Jianhua, Jipei Yue, and Suzanne Shoup 2006 Phylogenetics of Acer (Aceroideae, Sapindaceae) Based on nucleotide sequences of two chloroplast non-coding regions Harvard Papers in Botany 11(1): 101-115
  8. Liao, Pei-Chun, Huei-Chuan Sshih, Tsair-Bor Yen, Sheng-You Lu, Yu-Pin Ceng, and Yu-Chung Chiang 2010 Molecular evaluation of interspecific hybrids between Acer albopurpurascens and A. buergerianum var. formosanum Bot. Stud. 51: 413-420
  9. Renner, S. S., L. Beenken, G. W. Grimm, A. Kocyan, R. E. Ricklefs 2007 The Evolution of Dioecy, Heterodichogamy, and labile sex expression in Acer Evolution 61(11) 2701-2719
  10. Tanai, Toshimasa 1978 Taxonomical investigation of the living species of the genus Acer L., based on vein architecture of leaves Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy 18(3) 243-282
  11. Tian, Xin, Zhen-Hua Guo, De-Zhu Li 2002 Phylogeny of Aceraceae based on ITS and trn L-F data sets Acta Botanica Sinica 44(6): 714-724.

  1. 方文培 1996 中国槭树科的修订 植物分类学报 11(2): 139-189
  2. 田欣,徐廷志,李德铢 2001 雲南槭樹科植物新資料 云南植物研究 23(3) 291-292
  3. 田欣、金巧军、李德铢、韦仲新,徐廷志 2001 槭树科花粉形态及其系统学意义 云南植物研究 23(4): 457-465
  4. 田欣、李德铢 2004 槭树科植物广义形态学性状分支分析 云南植物研究 26(4): 387-397
  5. 徐廷志 1996 槭属的一个系统 云南植物研究 18(3): 277-292
  6. 曾千育、黃星凡 2009 臺灣三角楓之學名訂正 國立臺灣博物館學刊 62(1):35-44


Web Link

  1. Department of Botany & the U.S. National Herbarium 2017 The Plant Press vol 20 (2) Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
  2. International Association for Vegetation Science 2009 Vegetation Processes and Human Impact in a Changing World 52nd INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM
  3. 17th International Workshop European Vegetation Survey 2008 Using phytosociological data to address ecological questions Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic

Books and Journals


  1. Arora, R. K. 2014 Diversity in underutilized plant species - an Asia-Pacific perspective Bioversity International
  2. Azan, Shakira Stephanie Elaine 2011Invasive aquatic plants and the aquarium and ornamental pond industries Theses and dissertations Ryerson University P. 818
  3. Chen, Xin, Hai He and Li-Bing Zhang 2015 A monograph of the Anisophylleaceae (Cucurbitales) with description of 18 new species of Anisophyllea Phytotaxa 229 (1):1-189
  4. Chiou, Chyi-Rong, Guo-Zhang Michael Song, Jui-Han Chien, Chang-Fu Hsieh, Jenn Che Wang, Ming-Yih Chen, Ho-Yih Liu, Ching-Long Yeh, Yue-Joe Hsia, and Tze-Ying Chen 2010 Altitudinal distribution patterns of plant species in Taiwan are mainly determined by the northeast monsoon rather than the heat retention mechanism of Massenerhebung Botanical Studies 51: 89-97
  5. Cornelissen, Johannes H. C., Yao-Bin Song, Fei-Hai, Yu Ming Dong 2014 Plant traits and ecosystem effects of clonality: a new research agenda Annals of Botany 114: 369–376
  6. Dai Chang-Feng et. 2008 The Research of Natural Resources of the Three Northern Islets Taiwanese Coral Feef Society Marine National Park
  7. Duke, Norman C., Jock Mackenzie, Apanie Wood 2012 A revision of mangrove plants of the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Samoa Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research
  8. Eckert, Christopher G. 1999 Clonal plant research: proliferation, integration, but not much evolution Am. J. Bot. 86(11) 1649-1654
  9. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1994 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume one, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-52-5
  10. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1996 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Two, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  11. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1993 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Three, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  12. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1998 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Four, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  13. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 2000 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Five, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  14. Endress, Peter K. 2010 The evolution of floral biology in basal angiosperms Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 365(1539): 411–421
  15. Gradstein, S. Robbert, Jürgen Homeier and Dirk Gansert 2008 The Tropical Mountain Forest Patterns and Processes in a Biodiversity Hotspot Biodiversity and Ecology Series 2
  16. Giesen, Wim Stephan Wulffraat, Max Zieren and Liesbeth Scholten 2006 Mangrove Guidebook for Southeast Asia FAO and Wetlands International ISBN: 974-7946-85-8
  17. Grande, J. R., J. Kallunki, M. M. Arbo, P. E. Berry, O. Huber and R. Riina 2012 Botanical novelties from Sierra de Maigualida, southern Venezuela II. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 69(1): 7-19
  18. Herben, Tomáš, Zuzana Nováková, Jitka Klimešová 2014 Clonal growth and plant species abundance Annals of Botany 114: 377–388
  19. Hsieh, Chang-Fu 1989 Structure and Floristic Composition of the Beech Forest in Taiwan Taiwania 34(1) 28-44
  20. Kaufmann, Eva 2003 Southeast Asian Ant-Gardens- Diversity, ecology, ecosystematic significance, and evolution of mutualistic ant-epiphyte associations - Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
  21. Keng, Hsuan 1973 Nomenclatural Notes on Wu P'I Ch'a or the Black-barked Tea Plant Taiwania 18(1) 55-56
  22. Kitamura 1941 An Enureration of Compositae of Formosa Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica 10(1) 15-33
  23. Klimešová, Jitka, Jiří Doležal and Marek Sammul 2011 Evolutionary and organismic constraints on the relationship between spacer length and environmental conditions in clonal plants Oikos 120: 1110–1120
  24. Kron, Kathleen A. 1996 Phylogenetic Relationships of Empetraceae, Epacridaceae, Ericaceae, Monotropaceae, and Pyrolaceae: Evidence from Nuclear Ribosomal 18s Sequence Data Ann. Bot. 77(4): 293-303
  25. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng, Gow-Ing Liao and Ming-Yih Chen 1999 Two New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 44(4) 514-519
  26. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng and Chih-Hui Chen 2000 New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 45(4) 328-333
  27. Liu, Y. C. and C. H. Ou 1974 New additions to the flora of Taiwan. Quarterly journal of Chinese forestry 7(4): 150-151.
  28. Löve, Áskell and Ebba Kjellqvist 1974 Cytotaxonomy of Spanish plants. III Dicotyledons: Salicaceae-Rosaceae Lagascalia 4(1): 3-32


  1. Ma, Jin-Shuang 2010 Nomenclatural notes on alien vascular plants in north american originated from east asia Acta Botanica Yunnanica 32(1): 14-24
  2. Nandi, Owi I., Mark W. Chase and Peter K. Endress 1998 A Combined Cladistic Analysis of Angiosperms Using rbcL and Non-Molecular Data Sets Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 85 (1) 137-214
  3. Newman, Mark,Sounthone Ketphanh, Bouakhaykhone Svengsuksa, Philip Thomas, Khamphone Sengdala, Vichith Lamxay, Kate Armstrong 2007 A Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Lao PDR Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh ISBN 978-1-906129-04-0
  4. Ohashi, Hiroyoshi 2009 Bunzo Hayata and His Contributions to the Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 54(1) 1-27
  5. Peng, Ching-I 1978 Some new records for the Flora of Taiwan Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 19(1) 83-86
  6. Peng Ching-I, Shiou-Fen Yen and Ji-Yui Guo 1986 Notes on the Chromosome Cytology of Some Rare, Threatened, or Endangered Plants of Taiwan (I) Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 27(2): 219-235
  7. Qiu, Yin-Long, Olena Dombrovska, Jungho Lee, Libo Li, Barbara A. Whitlock, Fabiana Bernasconi-Quadroni, Joshua S. Rest, et al. 2005. Phylogenetic analyses of basal angiosperms based on nine plastid, mitochondrial, and nuclear genes. International Journal of Plant Sciences 166(5): 815-842.
  8. Severinghaus, Sheldon and Charles E. DeVol 1974 Note on the distribution of Taiwan Beech Taiwania 19(2) 235-237
  9. Shaheen, Hamayun, Shujaul Mulk Khan, David M. Harper, Zahid Ullah, and Rizwana Allem Qureshi 2011 Species Diversity, Community Structure, and Distribution Patterns in Western Himalayan Alpine Pastures of Kashmir, Pakistan Mountain Research and Development 31(2):153-159
  10. Shi, Suhua,Yaqing Du,D. E. Boufford, Xun Gong, Yelin Huang, Hanghang He & Yang Zhong 2003 Phylogenetic position of Schnabelia, a genus endemic to China: Evidence from sequences of cpDNA matK gene and nrDNA ITS regions Chinese Science Bulletin 48(15) 1576-1580
  11. Shisode, S. B. and D. A. Patil 2011 Taxonomic and phylogenetic census of the Celastrales: A synthetic review Curr. Bot. 2(4): 36-43
  12. Sosnová, Monika, Rudyvan Diggelen, Jitka Klimešová 2010 Distribution of clonal growth forms in wetlands Aquatic Botany 92(1) 33-39
  13. Starr, Forest, Kim Starr, and Lloyd L. Loope 2010 New plant records from the Hawaiian Archipelago Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 107:61-68
  14. Steinmanna, K., H. P. Linder, N. E. Zimmermanna 2009 Modelling plant species richness using functional groups Ecological Modelling 220 962-967
  15. Su, Horng-Jye 2000 Contribution to a revised orchid flora of Taiwan (IV). Taiwania 45(3) 239-248
  16. Tamura, Minoru N., Shingchi Chen and Nicholas J. Turland 2000 A New Combination in Heteropolygonatum (Convallariaceae, Polygonateae) NOVON 10(2): 156-157
  17. Thaman, R. R. and Malosi Samuelu 2016 Vascular Plants, vegetation and ethnobotany of Banaba (Ocean island), Republic of Kiribati Atoll Research Bulletin No. 609
  18. Turner, I. M., Y. W. Low, M. Rodda, K. M. Wong and D. J. Middleton 2018 The plant taxa of H. N. Ridley, 5. The Gentianales Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 70 (2): 307–395
  19. Van der Vossen, H. A. M. and M. Wessel 2000 Plant Resources of South-East Asia Stimulants 16 ISBN 90-5782-053-6
  20. Von Lampe, Maud, Gerd Jünger and Ssabine Tischew 2002 Morphological features of herbaceous perennials causing abundance in lignite mining areas
  21. Wu Ding, Hong Wang,Jin-Mei Lu, De-Zhu Li 2005 Comparative morphology of leaf epidermis in Parnassia (Parnassiaceae) from China Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 43(3): 210–224
  22. Wu, S.-H., C.-H. Hsieh and M. Rejmánek. 2004b. Catalogue of the naturalized flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 49: 16-31.
  23. Wu, Shan-Huah, T. Y. Aleck Yang, Yung-Ching Teng, Chih-Yuan Chang, Kuoh-Cheng Yang and Chang-Fu Hsieh 2010 Insights of the Latest Naturalized Flora of Taiwan : Change in the Past Eight Years Taiwania 55(2): 139-159
  24. Yamashita, Jun and Minoru N. Tamura 2001 Karyotype analysis of two species of the Chinese epiphytic genus Heteropolygonatum (Convallariaceae-Polygonateae) Acta Phytotax Geobot. 51 (2): 147-153
  25. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu and S.-Y. Lu. 1997. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 2: 352. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  26. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu, S.-Y. Lu and B.-L. Shih. 1998. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 3: 392. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  27. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu, S.-Y. Lu and B.-L. Shih. 1999. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 4: 432. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  28. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu and T.-P. Lin. 2001. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 5: 457. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  29. Yang, Yuen-Po and Ho-Yih Liu 2002 Nomenclature Changes for Some Dicots of Taiwan Taiwania 47(2) 175-178
  30. Yang, Yuen-Po, Chun-kuei Liao, Mo-shih Tang, Chih-Kai Yang, Chiou-Yu Yeh 2009 Family and genus flora of Taiwan seed plants. Forestry Bureau, The Council of Agriculture, The Executive Yuan, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China ISBN 978-986-02-2316-3
  31. Yong, Jean W H, Chiou-Rong Sheue 2014 A Comparative Guide to the Asian Mangroves