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Acer insulare Makino var. caudatifolium (Hayata) S. Y. Lu & Y. P. Yang
Acer insulare Makino var. insulare
Acer albopurpurascens Hayata
Acer buergerianum Miq var. formosanum (Hayata) Sasaki


  1. Acer amamiense T. Yamaz.
  2. Acer buergerianum Miq.
  3. Acer buergerianum Miq. subsp. ningpoense (Hance) A. E. Murray
  4. Acer campestre L.
  5. Acer carpinifolium Siebold & Zucc.
  6. Acer caudatifolium Hayata
  7. Acer circinatum Pursh
  8. Acer coriaceifolium H. Lév.
  9. Acer crassum Hu & W. C. Cheng
  10. Acer davidii Franch.
  11. Acer davidii Franch. subsp. grosseri (Pax) P. C. DeJong
  12. Acer diabolicum Blume ex K. Koch
  13. Acer fabri Hance
  14. Acer japonicum Thunb.
  15. Acer laurinum Hassk.
  16. Acer macrophyllum Pursh
  17. Acer micranthum Siebold & Zucc.
  18. Acer morifolium Koidz.
  19. Acer negundo L.
  20. Acer oliverianum Pax
  21. Acer oliverianum Pax subsp. formosanum (Koidz.) A. E. Murray
  22. Acer palmatum Thunb.
  23. Acer palmatum Thunb. subsp. amoenum (Carrière) H. Hara
  24. Acer palmatum Thunb. f. latilobatum (Koidz.) Ohwi
  25. Acer palmatum Thunb. subsp. matsumurae Koidz.
  26. Acer pictum Thunb.
  27. Acer pilosum Maxim.
  28. Acer platanoides L.
  29. Acer pseudoplatanus L.
  30. Acer pseudosieboldianum (Pax) Kom.
  31. Acer rufinerve Siebold & Zucc.
  32. Acer shirasawanum Koidz.
  33. Acer sikkimense Miq.
  34. Acer tataricum L.
  35. Acer tataricum L. subsp. aidzuense (Franch.) P.C.DeJong
  36. Acer tataricum L. subsp. ginnala (Maxim.) Wesm.
  37. Acer tataricum L. subsp. semenovii (Regel & Herder) A. E. Murray
  38. Acer tataricum L. subsp. theiferum (W. P. Fang) Y.S.Chen & P. C. de Jong
  39. Acer tonkinense Lecomte
  40. Acer tonkinense Lecomte subsp. liquidambarifolium (Hu & W. C. Cheng) W. P. Fang
  41. Acer truncatum Bunge
  42. Acer tutcheri Duthie
  43. Acer yangbiense Y. S. Chen & Q. E. Yang


Sapindaceae Reference

  1. Buerki, Sven, C. Davidson, J. T. Pereira and M. W. Callmander 2013 A new species of Trigonachras (Sapindaceae) endemic from Sabah, Malaysia (Borneo). Phytotaxa 88 (2): 19-24
  2. Hsu, Tsai-Wen, Yu-Chung Chiang, Ho-Yih Liu, Tzen-Yuh Chiang 2012 Soapberries belonging to the genus Cardiospermum L. (Sapindaceae) from Taiwan TW J. of Biodivers. 14(1-2): 81-88
  3. Leenhouts, P. W. 1969 Florae Malesianae Praecursores L. A revision of Lepisanthes (Sapindaceae) [Blumea] XVII (1): 33-91
  4. Sulisetijono, Estri Laras Arumingtyas, Retno Mastuti, Serafinah Indriyani 2016 Study on flowering development biology of Sapindus rarak DC International Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Plantation 3 72-75
  5. Turland, Nicholas J. and Nianhe Xia 2005 A New Combination in Chinese Aesculus (Hippocastanaceae) NOVON 15: 488–489

  1. 李明芳,郑学勤 2004 荔枝SSR标记的研究 遗传 26(6): 911-916
  2. 宁熙平,吴鸿 2006 荔枝花蜜腺的结构发育特点及其生物学意义 植物分类学报 44(5): 523–537
  3. 侯宽昭,何椿年 1954 中国无患子科植物分类学报 3 (4): 373-414.
  4. 曹丽敏、夏念和 2008 中国无患子科的叶表皮特征及其系统学意义 云南植物研究 30(4): 405-421

Acer Reference

  1. Chang, Chin-Sung 1990 A reconsideration of the Acer palmatum complex in China, Taiwan, and Korea J. Arnold Arboretum 71 (4): 553-565.
  2. Chang, Chin-Sung and Kwang-Bok Woo 2011 A New Taxonomic Treatment for the Acer duplicatoserratum Complex (Aceraceae) in China and Taiwan J. Jpn. Bot. 86: 219-223
  3. Chen, Yousheng, Qiner Yang and Guanghua Zhu 2003 Acer yangbiense (Aceraceae), a New Species from Yunnan, China Novon 13(3) 296-299
  4. Grimm, Guido W., Susanne S. Renner, Alexandros Stamatakis, and Vera Hemleben 2006 A nuclear ribosomal DNA phylogeny of Acer Inferred with maximum likelihood, splits graphs, and motif analysis of 606 sequences Evol Bioinform Online 2: 7-22
  5. Guo, Xi-Di, Hong-Fang Wang, Lei Bao, Tian-Ming Wang, Wei-Ning Bai, Jun-Wei Ye, and Jian-Ping Ge 2014 Evolutionary history of a widespread tree species Acer mono in East Asia Ecol Evol. 4 (22): 4332–4345.
  6. Hara, Hiroshi 1935 Preliminary Report on the Flora of Southern Hidaka, Hokkaidô (Yezo) VII Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49 (580): 196-210
  7. Hara, Hiroshi 1936 Preliminary Report on the Flora of Southern Hidaka, Hokkaido (Yezo) X Bot. Mag. Tokyo 50 (592): 187-194
  8. Kerr, Gary and John Niles 1998 Growth and provenance of Norway maple ( Acer platanoides ) in lowland Britain Forestry 71(3): 219–224
  9. Khushalani, Ishwari 1963 Floral morphology and embryology of Acer oblongum Phyton 10:275-284
  10. Koidzumi, G. 1914 Plantæ novæ Japonicæ Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 28 (329): 145-152
  11. Koidzumi, G. 1925 Contributiones ad Cognitionem Florae Asiae Orientalsi (Continued from p. 30) Bot. Mag. Tokyo 39 (468): 299-318
  12. Li, Hui-Lin 1952 The Genus Acer (Maples) in Formosa and the Liukiu [Ryukyu] Islands Pacific Science 6 (4): 288-294.
  13. Li, Jianhua, Jipei Yue, and Suzanne Shoup 2006 Phylogenetics of Acer (Aceroideae, Sapindaceae) Based on nucleotide sequences of two chloroplast non-coding regions Harvard Papers in Botany 11(1): 101-115
  14. Liao, Pei-Chun, Huei-Chuan Sshih, Tsair-Bor Yen, Sheng-You Lu, Yu-Pin Ceng, and Yu-Chung Chiang 2010 Molecular evaluation of interspecific hybrids between Acer albopurpurascens and A. buergerianum var. formosanum Bot. Stud. 51: 413-420
  15. Luo, Yi-Bo, Jin-Liang Yu, Zai-Kang Tong, Hong-Bo Zhao 2017 Flower development of different genders in the morphologically andromonoecious but functionally monoecious plant Acer elegantulum Fang et P. L. Chiu Flora 233: 179–185
  16. Matsumura, J. 1898 Notes on Liukiu and Formosan Plants Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 12 (138): 61-63
  17. Nanami, Satoshi, Hideyuki Kawaguchi and Takuo Yamakura 2004 Sex Change Towards Female in Dying Acer rufinerve Trees Ann. Bot. 93 (6): 733–740
  18. Nakai Takenoshin 1915 Præcursores ad Floram Sylvaticam Koreanam. I. ACERACEÆ Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 29 (339): 25-30
  19. Nakai, T. 1932 Notulæ ad Plantas Japoniæ & Koreæ XLII Bot. Mag. Tokyo 46 550 603-632
  20. Ohashi, Hiroyoshi 1993 Nomenclature of Acer pictum Thunberg ex Murray and its Infraspecific Taxa (Aceraceae) J. Jpn. Bot. 68 (6): 315-325
  21. Rehder, Alfred 1939 New species, varieties and combination from the herbarium and the collections of the Arnold Arboretum Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 1 (2): 121-146
  22. Renner, S. S., L. Beenken, G. W. Grimm, A. Kocyan, R. E. Ricklefs 2007 The Evolution of Dioecy, Heterodichogamy, and labile sex expression in Acer Evolution 61(11) 2701-2719
  23. Saeki, Ikuyo 2005 Ecological occurrence of the endangered Japanese red maple, Acer pycnanthum: Base line for ecosystem conservation Landscape Ecol. Eng. 1 (2):135-147
  24. Tanai, Toshimasa 1978 Taxonomical investigation of the living species of the genus Acer L., based on vein architecture of leaves Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy 18(3) 243-282
  25. Tian, Xin, Zhen-Hua Guo, De-Zhu Li 2002 Phylogeny of Aceraceae based on ITS and trn L-F data sets Acta Botanica Sinica 44(6): 714-724.
  26. Yamazaki, Takasi 2000 Local Variations of Acer nipponicum Hara J. Jpn. Bot. 75 (2): 111-115

  1. 小泉源一 1911 槭樹科概論 (第一) 植物学雑誌 25 (289): 42-61
  2. 小泉源一 1911 槭樹科概論 (第二) 植物学雑誌 25 (290): 97-113
  3. 方文培 1966 中国槭树科的修订 植物分类学报 11(2): 139-189
  4. 中井猛之進 1935 Acer pictum Thunbergはハリギリである 植物研究雑誌 11 (6): 440–442
  5. 中井猛之謹 1942 東亜植物拾遺 (其二十九) Notulæ and Plantas Asiæ Orientalis (XXIX). 植物研究雑誌 19 (12): 361-380
  6. 田欣,徐廷志,李德铢 2001 雲南槭樹科植物新資料 云南植物研究 23(3) 291-292
  7. 田欣、金巧军、李德铢、韦仲新,徐廷志 2001 槭树科花粉形态及其系统学意义 云南植物研究 23(4): 457-465
  8. 田欣、李德铢 2004 槭树科植物广义形态学性状分支分析 云南植物研究 26(4): 387-397
  9. 北村四郎 1971 日本双子葉類の短報 植物分類,地理 25 (1): 1-3
  10. 松村任三 1890 日本槭樹屬 植物学雑誌 4 (42): 286-287
  11. 初島住彦 1952 南日本及び近隣産横物新報(3) 植物研究雑誌 27 (7):209-212
  12. 初島住彦 1954 南日本及び近隣産横物新報(4) 植物研究雑誌 29 (8): 230-238
  13. 徐廷志 1996 槭属的一个系统 云南植物研究 18(3): 277-292
  14. 曾千育、黃星凡 2009 臺灣三角楓之學名訂正 國立臺灣博物館學刊 62(1):35-44


Web Link

  1. Department of Botany & the U.S. National Herbarium 2017 The Plant Press vol 20 (2) Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
  2. International Association for Vegetation Science 2009 Vegetation Processes and Human Impact in a Changing World 52nd INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM
  3. 17th International Workshop European Vegetation Survey 2008 Using phytosociological data to address ecological questions Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
  4. Gilly, Charles Louis 1950 Phylogenetic development of the inflorescence and generic relationships in the Kobresiaceae Retrospective Theses and Dissertations 13679.

Books and Journals


  1. Arora, R. K. 2014 Diversity in underutilized plant species - an Asia-Pacific perspective Bioversity International
  2. Azan, Shakira Stephanie Elaine 2011 Invasive aquatic plants and the aquarium and ornamental pond industries Theses and dissertations Ryerson University P. 818
  3. Beech, E., M. Rivers, S. Oldfield and P. P. Smith 2017 Global Tree Search: The first complete global database of tree species and country distributions Journal of Sustainable Forestry 36: 5 454-489
  4. Bechtel, Albert Reiff 1921 The Floral Anatomy of the Urticales American Journal of Botany 8 (8): 386-410
  5. Chang, C. S., H. Kim, and K. S. Chang. 2014. Provisional Checklist of Vascular Plants For The Korea Peninsula Flora (KPF). Designpost, Pajo.
  6. Chang, C. S., H. Kim and K. S. Chang. 2015. A Catalogue of Vascular Plant Type Specimens from Korea Designpost, Pajo.
  7. Chen, Xin, Hai He and Li-Bing Zhang 2015 A monograph of the Anisophylleaceae (Cucurbitales) with description of 18 new species of Anisophyllea Phytotaxa 229 (1):1-189
  8. Chiou, Chyi-Rong, Guo-Zhang Michael Song, Jui-Han Chien, Chang-Fu Hsieh, Jenn Che Wang, Ming-Yih Chen, Ho-Yih Liu, Ching-Long Yeh, Yue-Joe Hsia, and Tze-Ying Chen 2010 Altitudinal distribution patterns of plant species in Taiwan are mainly determined by the northeast monsoon rather than the heat retention mechanism of Massenerhebung Botanical Studies 51: 89-97
  9. Cornelissen, Johannes H. C., Yao-Bin Song, Fei-Hai, Yu Ming Dong 2014 Plant traits and ecosystem effects of clonality: a new research agenda Annals of Botany 114: 369–376
  10. Dai Chang-Feng et. 2008 The Research of Natural Resources of the Three Northern Islets Taiwanese Coral Feef Society Marine National Park
  11. Duke, Norman C., Jock Mackenzie, Apanie Wood 2012 A revision of mangrove plants of the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Samoa Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research
  12. Eckert, Christopher G. 1999 Clonal plant research: proliferation, integration, but not much evolution Am. J. Bot. 86(11) 1649-1654
  13. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1994 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume one, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-52-5
  14. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1996 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Two, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  15. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1993 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Three, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  16. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1998 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Four, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  17. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 2000 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Five, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  18. Endress, Peter K. 2010 The evolution of floral biology in basal angiosperms Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 365(1539): 411–421
  19. Fosberg, F. Raymond and Sachet, Marie-Hélène 1980 Systematic Studies of Micronesian Plants Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 1–40
  20. Fridley, Jason D. 2008 Of Asian Forests and European Fields: Eastern U.S. Plant Invasions in a Global Floristic Context PLoS ONE 3 (11):e3630
  21. Giesen, Wim Stephan Wulffraat, Max Zieren and Liesbeth Scholten 2006 Mangrove Guidebook for Southeast Asia FAO and Wetlands International ISBN: 974-7946-85-8
  22. Goldberg, Aaron 1986 Classification, Evolution, and Phylogeny of the Families of Dicotyledons Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 58: 1–314
  23. Goldberg, Emma E., Sarah P. Otto, Jana C. Vamosi, Itay Mayrose, Niv Sabath, Ray Ming, and Tia-Lynn Ashman 2017 Macroevolutionary synthesis of flowering plant sexual systems Evolution 71 (4): 898–912
  24. Gradstein, S. Robbert, Jürgen Homeier and Dirk Gansert 2008 The Tropical Mountain Forest Patterns and Processes in a Biodiversity Hotspot Biodiversity and Ecology Series 2
  25. Grande, J. R., J. Kallunki, M. M. Arbo, P. E. Berry, O. Huber and R. Riina 2012 Botanical novelties from Sierra de Maigualida, southern Venezuela II. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 69(1): 7-19
  26. Hara, Hiroshi 1961 New or noteworthy flowering plants from Eastern Himalaya (1) J. Jap. Bot. 36: 75-80
  27. Hara, Hiroshi 1965 New or noteworthy flowering plants from Eastern Himalaya (4) J. Jap. Bot. 40 (4): 97-103
  28. Hara, Hiroshi 1965 New or noteworthy flowering plants from Eastern Himalaya (5) J. Jap. Bot. 40 (11): 327-328
  29. Hayata, B. 1905 On the Distribution of the Formosan Conifers Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 19 (219):43-60
  30. Hayata, B. 1906 Contributions to the Alpine Flora of Formosa I Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) [Bot. Mag. (Tokyo)] 20 (229): 13-22
  31. Hayata, B. 1906 Contributions to the Flora of Mt. Morrison Bot. Mag.(Tokyo) 20 (231): 52-56
  32. Hayata, B. 1906 Contributions to the Flora of Mt. Morrison Bot. Mag.(Tokyo) 20 (232): 47-48
  33. Hayata, B. 1906 Supplements to the Enumeratio Plantarum Formosanarum Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 20 (235): 71-73
  34. Hayata, B. 1906 Contributions to the Flora of Mt. Morrison (Continued from p. 58) Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 20 (235): 73-75
  35. Hayata, B. 1906 Supplements to the Enumeratio Plantarum Formosanarum Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 20 (236): 77-78
  36. Hayata, B. 1909 Some Ferns from the Mountainous Regions of Formosa Bot. Mag. Tokyo 23 (264): 1-4
  37. Hayata, B. 1911 Materials for a Flora of Formosa J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30 (1)
  38. Herben, Tomáš, Zuzana Nováková, Jitka Klimešová 2014 Clonal growth and plant species abundance Annals of Botany 114: 377–388
  39. Hooker, J. D. 1872-1875 Flora of British India Vol. Ranunculaceae to Sapindaceae L. Reeve & Co. Ltd. London
  40. Hsieh, Chang-Fu 1989 Structure and Floristic Composition of the Beech Forest in Taiwan Taiwania 34(1) 28-44
  41. Hsieh, Chang-Fu 2002 Composition, Endemism and Phytogeographical Affinities of the Taiwan Flora Taiwania 47:(4): 298-310
  42. Kaufmann, Eva 2003 Southeast Asian Ant-Gardens- Diversity, ecology, ecosystematic significance, and evolution of mutualistic ant-epiphyte associations - Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
  43. Keng, Hsuan 1973 Nomenclatural Notes on Wu P'I Ch'a or the Black-barked Tea Plant Taiwania 18(1) 55-56
  44. Kitamura 1941 An Enureration of Compositae of Formosa Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica 10(1) 15-33
  45. Klimešová, Jitka, Jiří Doležal and Marek Sammul 2011 Evolutionary and organismic constraints on the relationship between spacer length and environmental conditions in clonal plants Oikos 120: 1110–1120
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  47. Koidzumi, G. 1929 Contributiones ad Cognitionem Florae Asiae Orientalis (Continued from Vol. XL p. 348.) Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43 (512) 382-407
  48. Kron, Kathleen A. 1996 Phylogenetic Relationships of Empetraceae, Epacridaceae, Ericaceae, Monotropaceae, and Pyrolaceae: Evidence from Nuclear Ribosomal 18s Sequence Data Ann. Bot. 77(4): 293-303
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  50. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng, Gow-Ing Liao and Ming-Yih Chen 1999 Two New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 44(4) 514-519
  51. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng and Chih-Hui Chen 2000 New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 45(4) 328-333
  52. Lemmens, R. H. M. J., I. Soerianegara and W. C. Wong 1995 Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(2): Timber trees: Minor commercial timbers Backhuys Publishers Leiden ISBN 90-73348-44-7
  53. Li, Hui-lin and Hsuan Keng 1954 Icones Gymnospermum Formosanarum Taiwania 5: 25-83
  54. Lin, Cheng‑Tao and Kuo‑Fang Chung 2017 Phylogenetic Classifcation of Seed Plants of Taiwan 58: 52-65
  55. Liu, Tang-shui 1962 A Phytogeographic Sketch on the Forest Flora of Taiwan (Formosa) Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 20 (1): 149-157
  56. Liu, Y. C. and C. H. Ou 1974 New additions to the flora of Taiwan. Quarterly journal of Chinese forestry 7(4): 150-151.
  57. Löve, Áskell and Ebba Kjellqvist 1974 Cytotaxonomy of Spanish plants. III Dicotyledons: Salicaceae-Rosaceae Lagascalia 4(1): 3-32


  1. Ma, Jin-Shuang 2010 Nomenclatural notes on alien vascular plants in north american originated from east asia Acta Botanica Yunnanica 32(1): 14-24
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  3. Matsuda, Sadahisa 1919 A List of Plants collected by I. Yamazuta on Mt. Omei Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33 (390): 130-137
  4. Matsumura, J. 1898 Notes on Liukiu and Formosan Plants Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 12 (137): 53-55
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  19. Peng, Ching-I 1978 Some new records for the Flora of Taiwan Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 19(1) 83-86
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  22. Rashid, M Enamur and Mohammad Atiqur Rahman 2011 Updated nomenclature and taxonomic status of the plants of Bangladesh included in Hook. f., the Flora of British India: Volume-I Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 18(2) 177-197
  23. Rashid, M. Enamur and Mohammad Atiqur Rahman 2012 Updated nomenclature and taxonomic status of the plants of Bangladesh included in Hook. f., the Flora of British India: Volume II Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 19(2): 173-190
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