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Gesneriaceae Reference

  1. Atkins, Hannah, Jill Preston and Quentin C. B. Cronk 2001 A molecular test of Huxley's line: Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) in Borneo and the Philippines Biological Journal of the Linneun Society 72: 143-159
  2. Bone, R. E. and H. J. Atkins 2013 Four new species of Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) from the Latimojong Mountains, South Sulawesi Edinburgh Journal of Botany 70(3) :455-468
  3. Bramley, G. L. C., R. T. Pennington, Radhiah Zakaria, Sri Sudarmiyati Tjitrosoedirdio and Q. C. B. Cronk 2004 Assembly of tropical plant diversity on a local scale: Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) on Mount Kerinci, Sumatra Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 81 49–62
  4. Bramley, Gemma L.C. 2005 Revision of Cyrtandra section Dissimiles (Gesneriaceae) Blumea 50 163-189
  5. Bransgrove, K. and D. J. Middleton 2015 A revision of Epithema (Gesneriaceae) Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 67 (1): 159–229
  6. Burtt, B. L. 1978 Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World XLIII: Notes on Malesian Didymocarpus Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 36: 151-155
  7. Denduangboripant, Jessada and Quentin C. B. Cronk 2016 High intraindividual variation in internal transcibed spacer sequences in Aeschynanthus (Gesneriaceae): implications for phylogenetics Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 267 1407-1415
  8. Hilliard, O. M. and B. L. Burtt 1999 Towards a revision of Agalmyla (Gesneriaceae) Blumea 44 381-389
  9. Huang, Tseng-Chieng, Shing-Fan Huang, Kuoh-Cheng Yanf 1989 Notes on the Flora of Taiwan (3)--- The miscellaneous plants Taiwania 34(1) 45-53 / Epithema brunonis var. fasciculataTheligonum formosanumRotala wallichiiEdsmanthus virgatusandParis fargesii var. brevipetalata
  10. Kartonegoro, Abdulrokhman and Daniel Potter 2014 The Gesneriaceae of Sulawesi VI: The species from Mekongga Mts. with a new species of Cyrtandra described Reinwardtia 14 (1) 1-11
  11. Kiew, R. 1989 Didymocarpus (Gesneriaceae) on Gunung Tahan, Malaysia Gard. Bull. Singapore 42: 47–64
  12. Kiew, R. 2002 A New Species of Monophyllaea (Gesneriaceae) from Borneo Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 54 243-246.
  13. Kiew, R. and C. L. Lim 2011 Names and new combinations for Peninsular Malaysian species of Codonoboea Ridl.(Gesneriaceae) Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 62 (2): 253–275.
  14. Kiew, Ruth, Yen-Yen Sam 2012 Codonoboea personatiflora (Gesneriaceae), a new species from Peninsular Malaysia PhytoKeys 18: 61–66
  15. Li, Jia-Mei & Michael Möller 2009 Chirita grandibracteata (Gesneriaceae), a New Species from Yunnan, China Annales Botanici Fennici 46(2) 125-129
  16. Li, Zhen-Yu and Chang-Fu Hsieh 1997 Notes on the Genus Rhynchotechum Blume (Gesneriaceae) in Taiwan Taiwania 42(2) 91-98
  17. Lim, Chung Lu and Ruth Kiew 2014 Codonoboea (Gesneriaceae) Sections in Peninsular Malaysia Reinwardtia 14 (1): 13-17
  18. Luegmayr, Eva 1993 Pollen of Hawaiian Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) including notes on Southeast Asian taxa Blumea 38 25-38
  19. Middleton, D. J., A. Weber, T. L. Yao, S. Sontag and M. Möller 2013 The current status of the species hitherto assigned to henckelia (Gesneriaceae) Edinburgh Journal of Botany 70 (3) 385-404
  20. Middleton, D. J. 2014 A new combination in Liebigia (Gesneriaceae) Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 66(1): 57–59
  21. Middleton, David J., Kanae Nishii, Carmen Puglisi, Laura L. Forrest, Michael Möller 2015 Chayamaritia (Gesneriaceae: Didymocarpoideae), a new genus from Southeast Asia Plant. Syst. Evol. 30
  22. Middleton, D. J. 2016. A Revision of Aeschynanthus (Gesneriaceae) in Singapore and Peninsular Malaysia Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 68(1): 1–63.
  23. Möller, M., K. Nishii, H. J. Atkins, H. H. Kong, M. Kang, Y. G. Wei, F. Wen, X. Hong and D. J. Middleton. 2016. An Expansion of the Genus Deinostigma (Gesneriaceae). Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 68(1): 145–172
  24. Mustaqim, Wendy Achmmad 2018 Codonoboea kjellbergii (Gesneriaceae) in Buru Island, Maluku: A New Genus Record for the Island Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation 15: 97–100
  25. Nangngam, Pranee and J. F. Maxwell 2013 Didymocarpus (Gesneriaceae) in Thailand Garden's Bulletin Singapore 65 (2): 185–225
  26. Puglisi, Carmen, Tze Leong Yao; Richard Milne, Michael Möller and David J. Middleton 2016. Generic recircumscription in the Loxocarpinae (Gesneriaceae), As inferred by phylogenetic and morphological data Taxon 65(2); 277-292.
  27. Rafidah, A. R., R. Kiew1, N.W. Haron 2011 To which genus does the enigmatic Peninsular Malaysian Chirita elata (Gesneriaceae) belong? Blumea 56 18-20
  28. Sugumaran, M. and K. M. Wong 2012 Studies in Malesian Gentianaceae I: Fagraea sensu lato―complex genus or several genera ? A molecular phylogenetic study Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 64(2): 301–332
  29. Sugumaran, M. and K. M. Wong 2014 Studies in Malesian Gentianaceae, VI. A revision of Utania in the Malay Peninsula with two new species Plant Ecology and Evolution 147 (2):213-223
  30. Tjitrosoedirdjo, Sri S., R. Zakaria, Nurainas 2009 Notes on Aeschynanthus (Gesneriaceae) of Sumatra, Indonesia Blumea 54 278-279
  31. Venugopal, Divy K, Dani Francis, Vishnu Mohan and Santhosh Namy 2018 Notes on taxonomic identity and typification of Fagraea coromandelina (Gentianaceae) Phytotaxa 360 (3): 292–295
  32. Wagner, Warren J., Anthony J. Wagner, David H. Lorence 2013 Revision of Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) in the Marquesas Islands PhytoKeys 30: 33–64
  33. Wang, Jenn-Che and Chao-Chien Wang 2000 The Genus Rhynchotechum Blume (Gesneriaceae) in Taiwan Taiwania 45(4) 355-365
  34. Weber, A., B. L. Burtt and E. Vitek 2000 Materials for a revision of Didymocarpus (Gesneriaceae) Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 102 B 441-475
  35. Weber, Anton 2004 Gesneriaceae and Scrophulariaceae: Robert Brown and now Telopea 10(2): 543-571
  36. Weber, Anton, John Littner Clark and Michael Möller 2013 A new formal classification of Gesneriaceae Selbyana 31 (2): 68–94
  37. Wong, K. M., M. Sugumaran and J. B. Sugau 2013 Studies in Malesian Gentianaceae, V. The Fagraea complex in Borneo: New generic assignments and recombinations Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 65 (2): 235-239
  38. Wong, K. M. and M. Sugumaran 2016 Studies in Malesian Gentianaceae, VII. A revision of Fagraea in the Malay Peninsula with five new species SANDAKANIA 21: 65–130
  39. Yao, T. L. 2015 Three new species of Loxocarpus (Gesneriaceae) from Sarawak, Borneo Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 67 (2): 289–296
  40. Zheng, Yongli and Yunfei Deng 2014 A new species of Primulina (Gesneriaceae) from Guangdong, China Phytotaxa 163 (1) 048–053

  1. 今市涼子 2001 一葉植物(イワタバコ科)の起源と形態進化 Plant Morphology 13 (1): 41-50
  2. 王印政,傅德志,彭华 1999 一个孑遗类群—尖舌苣苔族(Klugieae) 物种的居群绝灭速率及其指示意义 生物多样性 7(3): 214-219
  3. 李振宇 1983 半蒴苣苔属新分类群 植物分类学报 21(2): 194-203
  4. 李振宇 1987 半蒴苣苔属的研究 植物分类学报 25 (2): 81-92
  5. 李振宇 1987 半蒴苣苔属的研究(续) 植物分类学报 25 (3): 220-230
  6. 李振宇 1996 苦苣苔亚科的地理分布 植物分类学报 34 (4): 341-360


Web Link

  1. Department of Botany & the U.S. National Herbarium 2017 The Plant Press vol 20 (2) Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
  2. International Association for Vegetation Science 2009 Vegetation Processes and Human Impact in a Changing World 52nd INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM
  3. 17th International Workshop European Vegetation Survey 2008 Using phytosociological data to address ecological questions Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic

Books and Journals


  1. Arora, R. K. 2014 Diversity in underutilized plant species - an Asia-Pacific perspective Bioversity International
  2. Azan, Shakira Stephanie Elaine 2011Invasive aquatic plants and the aquarium and ornamental pond industries Theses and dissertations Ryerson University P. 818
  3. Chen, Xin, Hai He and Li-Bing Zhang 2015 A monograph of the Anisophylleaceae (Cucurbitales) with description of 18 new species of Anisophyllea Phytotaxa 229 (1):1-189
  4. Chiou, Chyi-Rong, Guo-Zhang Michael Song, Jui-Han Chien, Chang-Fu Hsieh, Jenn Che Wang, Ming-Yih Chen, Ho-Yih Liu, Ching-Long Yeh, Yue-Joe Hsia, and Tze-Ying Chen 2010 Altitudinal distribution patterns of plant species in Taiwan are mainly determined by the northeast monsoon rather than the heat retention mechanism of Massenerhebung Botanical Studies 51: 89-97
  5. Cornelissen, Johannes H. C., Yao-Bin Song, Fei-Hai, Yu Ming Dong 2014 Plant traits and ecosystem effects of clonality: a new research agenda Annals of Botany 114: 369–376
  6. Dai Chang-Feng et. 2008 The Research of Natural Resources of the Three Northern Islets Taiwanese Coral Feef Society Marine National Park
  7. Duke, Norman C., Jock Mackenzie, Apanie Wood 2012 A revision of mangrove plants of the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Samoa Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research
  8. Eckert, Christopher G. 1999 Clonal plant research: proliferation, integration, but not much evolution Am. J. Bot. 86(11) 1649-1654
  9. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1994 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume one, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-52-5
  10. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1996 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Two, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  11. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1993 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Three, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  12. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1998 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Four, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  13. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 2000 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Five, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  14. Endress, Peter K. 2010 The evolution of floral biology in basal angiosperms Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 365(1539): 411–421
  15. Gradstein, S. Robbert, Jürgen Homeier and Dirk Gansert 2008 The Tropical Mountain Forest Patterns and Processes in a Biodiversity Hotspot Biodiversity and Ecology Series 2
  16. Giesen, Wim Stephan Wulffraat, Max Zieren and Liesbeth Scholten 2006 Mangrove Guidebook for Southeast Asia FAO and Wetlands International ISBN: 974-7946-85-8
  17. Grande, J. R., J. Kallunki, M. M. Arbo, P. E. Berry, O. Huber and R. Riina 2012 Botanical novelties from Sierra de Maigualida, southern Venezuela II. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 69(1): 7-19
  18. Herben, Tomáš, Zuzana Nováková, Jitka Klimešová 2014 Clonal growth and plant species abundance Annals of Botany 114: 377–388
  19. Hsieh, Chang-Fu 1989 Structure and Floristic Composition of the Beech Forest in Taiwan Taiwania 34(1) 28-44
  20. Kaufmann, Eva 2003 Southeast Asian Ant-Gardens- Diversity, ecology, ecosystematic significance, and evolution of mutualistic ant-epiphyte associations - Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
  21. Keng, Hsuan 1973 Nomenclatural Notes on Wu P'I Ch'a or the Black-barked Tea Plant Taiwania 18(1) 55-56
  22. Kitamura 1941 An Enureration of Compositae of Formosa Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica 10(1) 15-33
  23. Klimešová, Jitka, Jiří Doležal and Marek Sammul 2011 Evolutionary and organismic constraints on the relationship between spacer length and environmental conditions in clonal plants Oikos 120: 1110–1120
  24. Kron, Kathleen A. 1996 Phylogenetic Relationships of Empetraceae, Epacridaceae, Ericaceae, Monotropaceae, and Pyrolaceae: Evidence from Nuclear Ribosomal 18s Sequence Data Ann. Bot. 77(4): 293-303
  25. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng, Gow-Ing Liao and Ming-Yih Chen 1999 Two New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 44(4) 514-519
  26. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng and Chih-Hui Chen 2000 New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 45(4) 328-333
  27. Liu, Y. C. and C. H. Ou 1974 New additions to the flora of Taiwan. Quarterly journal of Chinese forestry 7(4): 150-151.
  28. Löve, Áskell and Ebba Kjellqvist 1974 Cytotaxonomy of Spanish plants. III Dicotyledons: Salicaceae-Rosaceae Lagascalia 4(1): 3-32


  1. Ma, Jin-Shuang 2010 Nomenclatural notes on alien vascular plants in north american originated from east asia Acta Botanica Yunnanica 32(1): 14-24
  2. Nandi, Owi I., Mark W. Chase and Peter K. Endress 1998 A Combined Cladistic Analysis of Angiosperms Using rbcL and Non-Molecular Data Sets Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 85 (1) 137-214
  3. Newman, Mark,Sounthone Ketphanh, Bouakhaykhone Svengsuksa, Philip Thomas, Khamphone Sengdala, Vichith Lamxay, Kate Armstrong 2007 A Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Lao PDR Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh ISBN 978-1-906129-04-0
  4. Ohashi, Hiroyoshi 2009 Bunzo Hayata and His Contributions to the Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 54(1) 1-27
  5. Peng, Ching-I 1978 Some new records for the Flora of Taiwan Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 19(1) 83-86
  6. Peng Ching-I, Shiou-Fen Yen and Ji-Yui Guo 1986 Notes on the Chromosome Cytology of Some Rare, Threatened, or Endangered Plants of Taiwan (I) Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 27(2): 219-235
  7. Qiu, Yin-Long, Olena Dombrovska, Jungho Lee, Libo Li, Barbara A. Whitlock, Fabiana Bernasconi-Quadroni, Joshua S. Rest, et al. 2005. Phylogenetic analyses of basal angiosperms based on nine plastid, mitochondrial, and nuclear genes. International Journal of Plant Sciences 166(5): 815-842.
  8. Severinghaus, Sheldon and Charles E. DeVol 1974 Note on the distribution of Taiwan Beech Taiwania 19(2) 235-237
  9. Shaheen, Hamayun, Shujaul Mulk Khan, David M. Harper, Zahid Ullah, and Rizwana Allem Qureshi 2011 Species Diversity, Community Structure, and Distribution Patterns in Western Himalayan Alpine Pastures of Kashmir, Pakistan Mountain Research and Development 31(2):153-159
  10. Shi, Suhua,Yaqing Du,D. E. Boufford, Xun Gong, Yelin Huang, Hanghang He & Yang Zhong 2003 Phylogenetic position of Schnabelia, a genus endemic to China: Evidence from sequences of cpDNA matK gene and nrDNA ITS regions Chinese Science Bulletin 48(15) 1576-1580
  11. Shisode, S. B. and D. A. Patil 2011 Taxonomic and phylogenetic census of the Celastrales: A synthetic review Curr. Bot. 2(4): 36-43
  12. Sosnová, Monika, Rudyvan Diggelen, Jitka Klimešová 2010 Distribution of clonal growth forms in wetlands Aquatic Botany 92(1) 33-39
  13. Starr, Forest, Kim Starr, and Lloyd L. Loope 2010 New plant records from the Hawaiian Archipelago Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 107:61-68
  14. Steinmanna, K., H. P. Linder, N. E. Zimmermanna 2009 Modelling plant species richness using functional groups Ecological Modelling 220 962-967
  15. Su, Horng-Jye 2000 Contribution to a revised orchid flora of Taiwan (IV). Taiwania 45(3) 239-248
  16. Tamura, Minoru N., Shingchi Chen and Nicholas J. Turland 2000 A New Combination in Heteropolygonatum (Convallariaceae, Polygonateae) NOVON 10(2): 156-157
  17. Thaman, R. R. and Malosi Samuelu 2016 Vascular Plants, vegetation and ethnobotany of Banaba (Ocean island), Republic of Kiribati Atoll Research Bulletin No. 609
  18. van der Vossen, H. A. M. and M. Wessel 2000 Plant Resources of South-East Asia Stimulants 16 ISBN 90-5782-053-6
  19. von Lampe, Maud, Gerd Jünger and Ssabine Tischew 2002 Morphological features of herbaceous perennials causing abundance in lignite mining areas
  20. Wu Ding, Hong Wang,Jin-Mei Lu, De-Zhu Li 2005 Comparative morphology of leaf epidermis in Parnassia (Parnassiaceae) from China Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica 43(3): 210–224
  21. Wu, S.-H., C.-H. Hsieh and M. Rejmánek. 2004b. Catalogue of the naturalized flora of Taiwan. Taiwania 49: 16-31.
  22. Wu, Shan-Huah, T. Y. Aleck Yang, Yung-Ching Teng, Chih-Yuan Chang, Kuoh-Cheng Yang and Chang-Fu Hsieh 2010 Insights of the Latest Naturalized Flora of Taiwan : Change in the Past Eight Years Taiwania 55(2): 139-159
  23. Yamashita, Jun and Minoru N. Tamura 2001 Karyotype analysis of two species of the Chinese epiphytic genus Heteropolygonatum (Convallariaceae-Polygonateae) Acta Phytotax Geobot. 51 (2): 147-153
  24. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu and S.-Y. Lu. 1997. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 2: 352. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  25. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu, S.-Y. Lu and B.-L. Shih. 1998. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 3: 392. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  26. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu, S.-Y. Lu and B.-L. Shih. 1999. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 4: 432. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  27. Yang, Y.-P., H.-Y. Liu and T.-P. Lin. 2001. Concise vascular flora of Taiwan. 5: 457. Council of Agriculture, Taiwan.
  28. Yang, Yuen-Po and Ho-Yih Liu 2002 Nomenclature Changes for Some Dicots of Taiwan Taiwania 47(2) 175-178
  29. Yang, Yuen-Po, Chun-kuei Liao, Mo-shih Tang, Chih-Kai Yang, Chiou-Yu Yeh 2009 Family and genus flora of Taiwan seed plants. Forestry Bureau, The Council of Agriculture, The Executive Yuan, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China ISBN 978-986-02-2316-3
  30. Yong, Jean W H, Chiou-Rong Sheue 2014 A Comparative Guide to the Asian Mangroves