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Gesneriaceae Reference

  1. Anderson, Benjamin Michael and David John Middleton 2013 A revision of Rhynchotechum Blume (Gesneriaceae) Edinburgh Journal of Botany 70 (01): 121-176
  2. Atkins, Hannah Jessica, Jill Preston and Quentin C. B. Cronk 2001 A molecular test of Huxley's line: Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) in Borneo and the Philippines Biological Journal of the Linneun Society 72: 143-159
  3. Atkins, Hannah Jessica, Gemma L. C. Bramley, Melissa A. Johnson, Abdulrokhman Kartonegoro, Kanae Nishii, Goro Kokubugata, Michael Möller and Mark Hughes 2020 A molecular phylogeny of Southeast Asian Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) supports an emerging paradigm for Malesian plant biogeography Frontiers of Biogeography 12 (1) :e44814
  4. Bone, R. E. and H. J. Atkins 2013 Four new species of Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) from the Latimojong Mountains, South Sulawesi Edinburgh Journal of Botany 70(3) :455-468
  5. Bramley, G. L. C., R. T. Pennington, Radhiah Zakaria, Sri Sudarmiyati Tjitrosoedirdio and Q. C. B. Cronk 2004 Assembly of tropical plant diversity on a local scale: Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) on Mount Kerinci, Sumatra Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 81 49–62
  6. Bramley, Gemma L.C. 2005 Revision of Cyrtandra section Dissimiles (Gesneriaceae) Blumea 50 163-189
  7. Bransgrove, K. and D. J. Middleton 2015 A revision of Epithema (Gesneriaceae) Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 67 (1): 159–229
  8. Burtt, B. L. 1978 Studies in the Gesneriaceae of the Old World XLIII: Notes on Malesian Didymocarpus Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 36: 151-155
  9. Burtt, B. L. 1990 Gesneriaceae of the Old World I. New and little-known species of Cyrtandra from Malesia Edinburgh Journal of Botany 47: 201-233
  10. Burtt, B. L. 2001 Flora of Thailand: annotated checklist of Gesneriaceae) Thai Forest Bull. (Botany) 29: 81-109
  11. Clark, John R., Jessica A Hannah, Gemma L. C. Bramley, Diana D. Jolles, Eric H. Roalson and Warren L. Wagner 2013 Towards a phylogenetically informed taxonomy of Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) in the Solomon Islands Selbyana 31(2): 166–183
  12. Denduangboripant, Jessada and Quentin C. B. Cronk 2016 High intraindividual variation in internal transcibed spacer sequences in Aeschynanthus (Gesneriaceae): implications for phylogenetics Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 267 1407-1415
  13. Hilliard, O. M. and B. L. Burtt 1999 Towards a revision of Agalmyla (Gesneriaceae) Blumea 44 381-389
  14. Huang, Tseng-Chieng, Shing-Fan Huang, Kuoh-Cheng Yanf 1989 Notes on the Flora of Taiwan (3)--- The miscellaneous plants Taiwania 34(1) 45-53 / Epithema brunonis var. fasciculataTheligonum formosanumRotala wallichiiEdsmanthus virgatusandParis fargesii var. brevipetalata
  15. Huang, Yu-Song, Wei-Bin Xu, Ri-Cheng Peng and Yan Liu 2011 A new variety of Hemiboea (Gesneriaceae) from Limestone Areas in Guangxi, China Taiwania 56 (3): 240-243
  16. Kao, Muh-Tsuen and Charles E. Devol 1972 The Gesneriaceae of Taiwan Taiwania 17 (2): 142-169
  17. Kartonegoro, Abdulrokhman 2013 A revision of Rhynchoglossum (Gesneriaceae) in Malesia REINWARDTIA 13 (5): 421-432
  18. Kartonegoro, Abdulrokhman and Daniel Potter 2014 The Gesneriaceae of Sulawesi VI: The species from Mekongga Mts. with a new species of Cyrtandra described Reinwardtia 14 (1) 1-11
  19. Kiew, R. 1989 Didymocarpus (Gesneriaceae) on Gunung Tahan, Malaysia Gard. Bull. Singapore 42: 47–64
  20. Kiew, R. 2002 A New Species of Monophyllaea (Gesneriaceae) from Borneo Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 54 243-246.
  21. Kiew, R. and C. L. Lim 2011 Names and new combinations for Peninsular Malaysian species of Codonoboea Ridl.(Gesneriaceae) Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 62 (2): 253–275.
  22. Kiew, Ruth, Yen-Yen Sam 2012 Codonoboea personatiflora (Gesneriaceae), a new species from Peninsular Malaysia PhytoKeys 18: 61–66
  23. Kiew, Ruth, Lau, Kah-Hoo 2019 Senyumia granitica (Gesneriaceae) from Johor, Malaysia, the second species of Senyumia PhytoKeys 117: 37-44
  24. Kokubugata, G. and C.-I. Peng 2004 Floral Morphology and Recognition of Varieties in Conandron ramondioides (Gesneriaceae) from Japan and Taiwan Edinburgh Journal of Botany 61(1): 21 - 30.
  25. Krishna, Gopal and Pakshirajan Lakshminarasimhan 2018 A new species of Henckelia (Gesneriaceae) from Arunachal Pradesh, India Taiwania 63 (4): 397-401
  26. Li, Jia-Mei & Michael Möller 2009 Chirita grandibracteata (Gesneriaceae), a New Species from Yunnan, China Annales Botanici Fennici 46(2) 125-129
  27. Li, Zhen-Yu and Chang-Fu Hsieh 1997 Notes on the Genus Rhynchotechum Blume (Gesneriaceae) in Taiwan Taiwania 42(2) 91-98
  28. Lim, Chung Lu and Ruth Kiew 2014 Codonoboea (Gesneriaceae) Sections in Peninsular Malaysia Reinwardtia 14 (1): 13-17
  29. Luegmayr, Eva 1993 Pollen of Hawaiian Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) including notes on Southeast Asian taxa Blumea 38 25-38
  30. Mayer, Veronika, Michael Möller, Mathieu Perret and Anton Weber 2003 Phylogenetic position and generic differentiation of Epithemateae (Gesneriaceae) inferred from plastid DNA sequence data Amer. J. Bot. 90(2): 321–329. 2003.
  31. Middleton, D. J., A. Weber, T. L. Yao, S. Sontag and M. Möller 2013 The current status of the species hitherto assigned to Henckelia (Gesneriaceae) Edinburgh Journal of Botany 70 (3) 385-404
  32. Middleton, D. J. 2014 A new combination in Liebigia (Gesneriaceae) Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 66(1): 57–59
  33. Middleton, David J., Kanae Nishii, Carmen Puglisi, Laura L. Forrest, Michael Möller 2015 Chayamaritia (Gesneriaceae: Didymocarpoideae), a new genus from Southeast Asia Plant. Syst. Evol. 30
  34. Middleton, D. J. 2016. A Revision of Aeschynanthus (Gesneriaceae) in Singapore and Peninsular Malaysia Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 68(1): 1–63.
  35. Möller, M., K. Nishii, H. J. Atkins, H. H. Kong, M. Kang, Y. G. Wei, F. Wen, X. Hong and D. J. Middleton. 2016. An Expansion of the Genus Deinostigma (Gesneriaceae). Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 68(1): 145–172
  36. Möller, Michael, Santhosh Nampy, A.P. Janeesha and Anton Weber 2017 The Gesneriaceae of India: Consequences of updated generic concepts and new family classification Rheedea 27: 23-41
  37. Mustaqim, Wendy Achmmad 2018 Codonoboea kjellbergii (Gesneriaceae) in Buru Island, Maluku: A New Genus Record for the Island Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation 15: 97–100
  38. Nangngam, Pranee and J. F. Maxwell 2013 Didymocarpus (Gesneriaceae) in Thailand Garden's Bulletin Singapore 65 (2): 185–225
  39. Ohwi, Jjsaburo 1936 Plantæ Novæ Japonicæ (III) J. Jap. Bot. 12 (9): 652-655
  40. Palee, Pranee, F. Bruce Sampson and Vilaiwan Anusarnsunthorn 2003 POLLEN MORPHOLOGY OF SOME THAI GESNERIACEAE NAT. HIST. BULL. SIAM Soc. 51(2): 225-240
  41. Pattharahirantricin, Nannapat 2014 The genus Rhynchoglossum Blume (Gesneriaceae) in Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 42: 24-34
  42. Puglisi, Carmen, David J. Middleton, Pramote Triboun and Michael Möller 2011 New insights into the relationships between Paraboea, Trisepalum and Phylloboea (Gesneriaceae) and their taxonomic consequences Taxon 60: 1693-1702
  43. Puglisi, Carmen, Tze Leong Yao; Richard Milne, Michael Möller and David J. Middleton 2016. Generic recircumscription in the Loxocarpinae (Gesneriaceae), As inferred by phylogenetic and morphological data Taxon 65(2); 277-292.
  44. Rafidah, A. R., R. Kiew1, N.W. Haron 2011 To which genus does the enigmatic Peninsular Malaysian Chirita elata (Gesneriaceae) belong? Blumea 56 18-20
  45. Sugumaran, M. and K. M. Wong 2012 Studies in Malesian Gentianaceae I: Fagraea sensu lato―complex genus or several genera ? A molecular phylogenetic study Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 64(2): 301–332
  46. Sugumaran, M. and K. M. Wong 2014 Studies in Malesian Gentianaceae, VI. A revision of Utania in the Malay Peninsula with two new species Plant Ecology and Evolution 147 (2):213-223
  47. Tan, Ke, Tao Lu and Ming-Xun Ren 2020 Biogeography and evolution of Asian Gesneriaceae based on updated taxonomy PhytoKeys 157: 7–26
  48. Tjitrosoedirdjo, Sri S., R. Zakaria, Nurainas 2009 Notes on Aeschynanthus (Gesneriaceae) of Sumatra, Indonesia Blumea 54 278-279
  49. Venugopal, Divy K, Dani Francis, Vishnu Mohan and Santhosh Namy 2018 Notes on taxonomic identity and typification of Fagraea coromandelina (Gentianaceae) Phytotaxa 360 (3): 292–295
  50. Wagner, Warren J., Anthony J. Wagner, David H. Lorence 2013 Revision of Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) in the Marquesas Islands PhytoKeys 30: 33–64
  51. Wang, Jenn-Che and Chao-Chien Wang 2000 The Genus Rhynchotechum Blume (Gesneriaceae) in Taiwan Taiwania 45(4) 355-365
  52. Weber, A. & Burtt, B.L. 1998b Remodelling of Didymocarpus and associated genera (Gesneriaceae) Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 293–363.
  53. Weber, A., B. L. Burtt and E. Vitek 2000 Materials for a revision of Didymocarpus (Gesneriaceae) Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 102 B 441-475
  54. Weber, Anton 2004 Gesneriaceae and Scrophulariaceae: Robert Brown and now Telopea 10(2): 543-571
  55. Weber, Anton, David J. Middleton, Alan Forrest, Ruth Kiew, Chung Lu Lim, A. R. Rafidah, Susanne Sontag, Pramote Triboun, Yi-Gang Wei, Tze Leong Yao and Michael Möller 2011 Molecular systematics and remodelling of Chirita and associated genera (Gesneriaceae) Taxon 60 (3): 767–790
  56. Weber, Anton, John Littner Clark and Michael Möller 2013 A new formal classification of Gesneriaceae Selbyana 31 (2): 68–94
  57. Weber, A., Middleton D. J., Clark J.L. & M. Möller 2020 Keys to the infrafamilial taxa and genera of Gesneriaceae Rheedea 30: 5-47
  58. Wen, Fang, Wen-Xiu Tang and Yi-Gang Wei 2011 Hemiboea angustifolia (Gesneriaceae), a new species endemic to a tropical limestone area of Guangxi, China Phytotaxa 30 (1):53-59
  59. Wong, K. M., M. Sugumaran and J. B. Sugau 2013 Studies in Malesian Gentianaceae, V. The Fagraea complex in Borneo: New generic assignments and recombinations Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 65 (2): 235-239
  60. Wong, K. M. and M. Sugumaran 2016 Studies in Malesian Gentianaceae, VII. A revision of Fagraea in the Malay Peninsula with five new species SANDAKANIA 21: 65–130
  61. Xu, Zhaoran, B. L. Burtt, Laurence Skog and David John Middleton A revision of Paraboea (Gesneriaceae) Edinburgh Journal of Botany 65 (2):161-347
  62. Yao, T. L. 2015 Three new species of Loxocarpus (Gesneriaceae) from Sarawak, Borneo Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 67 (2): 289–296
  63. Zheng, Yongli and Yunfei Deng 2014 A new species of Primulina (Gesneriaceae) from Guangdong, China Phytotaxa 163 (1) 048–053

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  6. 卢涛,凌少军,任明迅 2019 苦苣苔科镜像花的多样性及演化 广西植物 39 (8) 1007-1015
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Web Link

  1. Department of Botany & the U.S. National Herbarium 2017 The Plant Press vol 20 (2) Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
  2. International Association for Vegetation Science 2009 Vegetation Processes and Human Impact in a Changing World 52nd INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM
  3. 17th International Workshop European Vegetation Survey 2008 Using phytosociological data to address ecological questions Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
  4. Gilly, Charles Louis 1950 Phylogenetic development of the inflorescence and generic relationships in the Kobresiaceae Retrospective Theses and Dissertations 13679.
  5. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al, 2015 Lianas and climbing plants of the Neotropics

Books and Journals


  1. Akiyama, Shinobu, Gerard Thijsse, Hans-Joachim Esser, Hideaki Ohba 2015 Siebold and Zuccarini’s Type Specimens and Original Materials from Japan, Part 7. Angiosperms. Dicotyledoneae 6 J. Jap. Bot. 90: 317-341
  2. Arora, R. K. 2014 Diversity in underutilized plant species - an Asia-Pacific perspective Bioversity International
  3. Azan, Shakira Stephanie Elaine 2011 Invasive aquatic plants and the aquarium and ornamental pond industries Theses and dissertations Ryerson University P. 818
  4. Beech, E., M. Rivers, S. Oldfield and P. P. Smith 2017 Global Tree Search: The first complete global database of tree species and country distributions Journal of Sustainable Forestry 36: 5 454-489
  5. Bechtel, Albert Reiff 1921 The Floral Anatomy of the Urticales American Journal of Botany 8 (8): 386-410
  6. Chang, C. S., H. Kim, and K. S. Chang. 2014. Provisional Checklist of Vascular Plants For The Korea Peninsula Flora (KPF). Designpost, Pajo.
  7. Chang, C. S., H. Kim and K. S. Chang. 2015. A Catalogue of Vascular Plant Type Specimens from Korea Designpost, Pajo.
  8. Chang, Ching-en 1981 An Eumeration of the Woody Plants of Botel Tobago J. Phytogeogr. Taxon. 29 (1): 1-21
  9. Chen, Xin, Hai He and Li-Bing Zhang 2015 A monograph of the Anisophylleaceae (Cucurbitales) with description of 18 new species of Anisophyllea Phytotaxa 229 (1):1-189
  10. Chiou, Chyi-Rong, Guo-Zhang Michael Song, Jui-Han Chien, Chang-Fu Hsieh, Jenn Che Wang, Ming-Yih Chen, Ho-Yih Liu, Ching-Long Yeh, Yue-Joe Hsia, and Tze-Ying Chen 2010 Altitudinal distribution patterns of plant species in Taiwan are mainly determined by the northeast monsoon rather than the heat retention mechanism of Massenerhebung Botanical Studies 51: 89-97
  11. Chuang, Tsan-Iang, Chuan-Ying Chao, Wilma W. L. Hu and S. C. Kwan 1962 Chromosome Numbers of the Vascular Plants of Taiwan I Taiwania 5: 51-66
  12. Cornelissen, Johannes H. C., Yao-Bin Song, Fei-Hai, Yu Ming Dong 2014 Plant traits and ecosystem effects of clonality: a new research agenda Annals of Botany 114: 369–376
  13. Dai Chang-Feng et. 2008 The Research of Natural Resources of the Three Northern Islets Taiwanese Coral Feef Society Marine National Park
  14. Devol, Charles E. 1964 Unexpected New Finds on Taiwan Taiwania 10: 151-154
  15. Duke, Norman C., Jock Mackenzie, Apanie Wood 2012 A revision of mangrove plants of the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Samoa Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research
  16. Eckert, Christopher G. 1999 Clonal plant research: proliferation, integration, but not much evolution Am. J. Bot. 86(11) 1649-1654
  17. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1994 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume one, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-52-5
  18. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1996 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Two, Detparment of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  19. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1993 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Three, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  20. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 1998 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Four, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  21. Editorial Commitee fo the Flora of Taiwan 2000 Flora of Taiwan, Second edition. Volume Five, Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 106, the Republic of China, ISBN 957-9019-92-4
  22. Endress, Peter K. 2010 The evolution of floral biology in basal angiosperms Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 365(1539): 411–421
  23. Endress, Peter K; Lorence, David H 2020 Inflorescence structure in Laurales - stable and flexible patterns International Journal of Plant Sciences 181 (3):267-283
  24. Forbes, Francis Blackwell and William Botting Hemsley 1894 An Enumeration of all the Plants known from China Proper, Formosa, Hainan, Corea, the Luchu Archipelago, and the Island of Hongkong, together with their Distribution and Synonymy.—Part XI Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 26 (177): 397–456
  25. Fosberg, F. Raymond and Sachet, Marie-Hélène 1980 Systematic Studies of Micronesian Plants Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 1–40
  26. Fridley, Jason D. 2008 Of Asian Forests and European Fields: Eastern U.S. Plant Invasions in a Global Floristic Context PLoS ONE 3 (11):e3630
  27. Giesen, Wim Stephan Wulffraat, Max Zieren and Liesbeth Scholten 2006 Mangrove Guidebook for Southeast Asia FAO and Wetlands International ISBN: 974-7946-85-8
  28. Goldberg, Aaron 1986 Classification, Evolution, and Phylogeny of the Families of Dicotyledons Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 58: 1–314
  29. Goldberg, Emma E., Sarah P. Otto, Jana C. Vamosi, Itay Mayrose, Niv Sabath, Ray Ming, and Tia-Lynn Ashman 2017 Macroevolutionary synthesis of flowering plant sexual systems Evolution 71 (4): 898–912
  30. Gradstein, S. Robbert, Jürgen Homeier and Dirk Gansert 2008 The Tropical Mountain Forest Patterns and Processes in a Biodiversity Hotspot Biodiversity and Ecology Series 2
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  34. Hara, Hiroshi 1965 New or noteworthy flowering plants from Eastern Himalaya (4) J. Jap. Bot. 40 (4): 97-103
  35. Hara, Hiroshi 1965 New or noteworthy flowering plants from Eastern Himalaya (5) J. Jap. Bot. 40 (11): 327-328
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  38. Hatusima, Sumihiko 1970 An Enumeration of the Plants Collected by G. Ikeda in Botel Tobago Island Memoirs of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University 7 (2):295-341
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  40. Hayata, B. 1906 Contributions to the Alpine Flora of Formosa I Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 20 (229): 13-22
  41. Hayata, B. 1906 Contributions to the Flora of Mt. Morrison Bot. Mag.(Tokyo) 20 (231): 52-56
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  43. Hayata, B. 1906 Supplements to the Enumeratio Plantarum Formosanarum Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 20 (235): 71-73
  44. Hayata, B. 1906 Contributions to the Flora of Mt. Morrison (Continued from p. 58) Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 20 (235): 73-75
  45. Hayata, B. 1906 Supplements to the Enumeratio Plantarum Formosanarum Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 20 (236): 77-78
  46. Hayata, B. 1909 Some Ferns from the Mountainous Regions of Formosa Bot. Mag. Tokyo 23 (264): 1-4
  47. Hayata, B. 1911 Materials for a Flora of Formosa J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30 (1)
  48. Herben, Tomáš, Zuzana Nováková, Jitka Klimešová 2014 Clonal growth and plant species abundance Annals of Botany 114: 377–388
  49. Hooker, J. D. 1872-1875 Flora of British India Vol. Ranunculaceae to Sapindaceae L. Reeve & Co. Ltd. London
  50. Hsieh, Chang-Fu 1989 Structure and Floristic Composition of the Beech Forest in Taiwan Taiwania 34(1) 28-44
  51. Hsieh, Chang-Fu 2002 Composition, Endemism and Phytogeographical Affinities of the Taiwan Flora Taiwania 47:(4): 298-310
  52. Huang, Tseng-Chieng 1967 Pollen Grains of Formosan Plants (2) Taiwania 13 (1): 15-110
  53. Jarvis, C. E. 2019 Georg Rumphius’ Herbarium Amboinense (1741–1750) as a source of information on Indonesian plants for Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778) Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 71 (Suppl. 2):87-107
  54. Kaufmann, Eva 2003 Southeast Asian Ant-Gardens- Diversity, ecology, ecosystematic significance, and evolution of mutualistic ant-epiphyte associations - Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
  55. Keng, Hsuan 1973 Nomenclatural Notes on Wu P'I Ch'a or the Black-barked Tea Plant Taiwania 18(1) 55-56
  56. Kitamura 1941 An Enureration of Compositae of Formosa Acta phytotaxonomica et geobotanica 10(1) 15-33
  57. Klimešová, Jitka, Jiří Doležal and Marek Sammul 2011 Evolutionary and organismic constraints on the relationship between spacer length and environmental conditions in clonal plants Oikos 120: 1110–1120
  58. Koidzumi, Geniti 1918 Contributiones ad Floram Asiae Orientalis (Continued from p. 63.) Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 32 (378): 134-138
  59. Koidzumi, G. 1929 Contributiones ad Cognitionem Florae Asiae Orientalis (Continued from Vol. XL p. 348.) Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43 (512) 382-407
  60. Kress, W. John and Chelsea D. Specht 2005 Between Cancer and Capricorn: Phylogeny, evolution and ecology of the primarily tropical Zingiberales Biol. Skr. 55: 459-478
  61. Kron, Kathleen A. 1996 Phylogenetic Relationships of Empetraceae, Epacridaceae, Ericaceae, Monotropaceae, and Pyrolaceae: Evidence from Nuclear Ribosomal 18s Sequence Data Ann. Bot. 77(4): 293-303
  62. Kudo, Yushun 1932 The Mangrove of Formosa Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46 (544): 147-156
  63. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng, Gow-Ing Liao and Ming-Yih Chen 1999 Two New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 44(4) 514-519
  64. Kuoh, Chang-Sheng and Chih-Hui Chen 2000 New Naturalized Grasses in Taiwan. Taiwania 45(4) 328-333
  65. Lemmens, R. H. M. J., I. Soerianegara and W. C. Wong 1995 Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 5(2): Timber trees: Minor commercial timbers Backhuys Publishers Leiden ISBN 90-73348-44-7
  66. Li, Hui-lin 1953 Floristic Interchanges Between Formosa and the Philippines PACIFIC SCIENCE 7: 179-186
  67. Li, Hui-lin and Hsuan Keng 1954 Icones Gymnospermum Formosanarum Taiwania 5: 25-83
  68. Lin, Cheng‑Tao and Kuo‑Fang Chung 2017 Phylogenetic Classifcation of Seed Plants of Taiwan 58: 52-65
  69. Liu, T. S. and T. I. Chuang 1960 Florula of the island of Kinmen (Quemoy) Bot. Stud. 1 (2): 133-139
  70. Liu, Tang-shui 1962 A Phytogeographic Sketch on the Forest Flora of Taiwan (Formosa) Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 20 (1): 149-157
  71. Liu, Y. C. and C. H. Ou 1974 New additions to the flora of Taiwan. Quarterly journal of Chinese forestry 7(4): 150-151.
  72. Löve, Áskell and Ebba Kjellqvist 1974 Cytotaxonomy of Spanish plants. III Dicotyledons: Salicaceae-Rosaceae Lagascalia 4(1): 3-32
  73. Ma, Jin-Shuang 2010 Nomenclatural notes on alien vascular plants in north american originated from east asia Acta Botanica Yunnanica 32(1): 14-24
  74. Maekawa F. 1952 Topo-morphological investigations on the relation between stem and leaves and their bearing on the phylogenetic systematics of vascular plants. Part 1 Journal of the Faculty of Science, University of Tokyo Section Series 3, Botany 6 (1-3): 35
  75. Makino, T. 1906 Observations on the Flora of Japan Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 20 (236): 79-86
  76. Masamune, Genkei 1937 Le caractère et les affinités de la flore alpine de TaÏwan (Formosa) Bot. Mag. Tokyo 51 (605): 232-235
  77. Matsuda, Sadahisa 1919 A List of Plants collected by I. Yamazuta on Mt. Omei Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 33 (390): 130-137
  78. Matsumura, J. 1898 Notes on Liukiu and Formosan Plants Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 12 (137): 53-55
  79. Matsumura, J. 1898 Notes on Liukiu and Formosan Plants Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 12 (138): 61-63
  80. Matsumura, J. 1898 Notes on Liukiu and Formosan Plants Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 12 (139): 67-68
  81. Matsumura, J. 1898 Notes on Liukiu and Formosan Plants. (Continued from p. 68.) Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 12 (140): 75-76
  82. Matsumura, J. 1898 Notes on Liukiu and Formosan Plants. (Continued from p. 76.) Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 12 (141): 83-84
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